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From Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms

Cultural anthropologists

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    • Ethnologists
    • Social anthropologists
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  • Sources

    • found: Work cat.: Fletcher, Robert. Romancing the wild, 2014:p. 4 of cover (Robert Fletcher, a cultural anthropologist, is Associate Professor in the Department of Environment and Development at the University for Peace in Costa Rica)
    • found: Frohlick, Susan. Sexuality, women, and tourism, 2013:prelim. p. (Susan Frohlick is Associate Professor of Cultural Anthropology at the University of Manitoba)
    • found: Merriam-Webster dictionary online, Feb. 9, 2016(cultural anthropology: anthropology that deals with human culture especially with respect to social structure, language, law, politics, religion, magic, art, and technology -- compare physical anthropology; --cultural anthropologist, noun; ethnology: 1. a science that deals with the division of human beings into races and their origin, distribution, relations, and characteristics. 2. anthropology dealing chiefly with the comparative and analytical study of cultures : cultural anthropology; --ethnologist, noun)
    • found: Britannica online, Feb. 9, 2016(Cultural anthropology. Alternative title: ethnology. Cultural anthropology, a major division of anthropology that deals with the study of culture in all of its aspects and that uses the methods, concepts, and data of archaeology, ethnography and ethnology, folklore, and linguistics in its descriptions and analyses of the diverse peoples of the world; two large disciplines--physical anthropology and cultural anthropology--and such related disciplines as prehistory and linguistics now cover the program that originally was set up for a single study of anthropology. The two fields are largely autonomous, having their own relations with disciplines outside anthropology; and it is unlikely that any researchers today work simultaneously in the fields of physical and cultural anthropology; cultural anthropologists)
    • found: Dictionary of anthropology, Feb. 9, 2016:anthropology (cultural, social etc.) (Social anthropology is the branch of this discipline that was developed in Great Britain in the early years of the twentieth century, under the heavy influence of French sociological theory (Émile Durkheim, Marcel Mauss), and inspired by the methodological ideals of fieldwork that were pioneered by the Polish-British anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski. Social anthropology (which spread from Britain to such countries as Norway, Sweden and Holland) is often contrasted to (American) cultural anthropology (developed by Franz Boas, who was less sociologically inclined and more influenced by linguistics and history), and to French ethnologie (the creation of Durkheim and Mauss), though the distinctions between these traditions has blurred during the last few decades.)
    • found: International encyclopedia of the social sciences, c2008:v. 1, pp. 116-117 (In North America anthropology is defined as a discipline comprising four fields that focus on separate but interrelated subjects: archaeology, biological anthropology (or physical anthropology), linguistic anthropology, and cultural anthropology (or social anthropology); outside North America the four fields exist in separate academic units. The word "anthropology" in such contexts often refers only to biological anthropology. The English term "ethnology" or its equivalent in other languages corresponds to North American cultural anthropology) p. 119 (Cultural anthropology is the study of the culture, or the learned and shared behavior and beliefs of groups of living humans. Prominent subfields within cultural anthropology are economic anthropology, medical anthropology, psychological anthropology, kinship and family studies, social organization and social stratification, political anthropology, legal anthropology, religion, communication, expressive culture, and development anthropology) p. 121 (cultural anthropologists) p. 123 (The second research goal of cultural anthropology is ethnology, or cross-cultural analysis. Ethnology is the comparative analysis of a particular topic in more than one cultural context using ethnographic material. Ethnologists compare such topics as marriage forms, economic practices, religious beliefs, and childrearing practices, for example, in order to discover patterns of similarity and variation and possible causes for them)
    • found: Dictionary of the social sciences, 2002:p. 16 (social anthropology has tended to concentrate on isolating systems or structures of social relations--law, status, and most prominently, kinship. Cultural anthropology, on the other hand, has tended to avoid formulating hypotheses about basic social structures; it has taken a more integrative approach to characterizing cultural experience by admitting a broader range of elements into its descriptive practice. These include not only kinship and political structures but also folklore, language, technology, and childrearing) p. 149 (In its contemporary form, ethnology refers to the comparative study of cultures; Ethnology is also sometimes used to designate the comparative side of anthropological study, as opposed to the culture-specific work of ethnography)
    • found: Dictionary of occupational titles, via WWW, Feb. 9, 2016(Ethnologist. Makes comparative studies of cultures or of selected aspects of cultures of living peoples and of peoples no longer in existence in order to determine historical relations, arrive at typological classifications, and make generalizations concerning cultural process and human behavior: Studies cultures of societies, particularly preindustrial and non-Western societies, including social and political organization, religion, economics, mythology and traditions, and intellectual and artistic life. May formulate general laws of cultural development, general rules of social and cultural behavior, or general value orientations. May specialize in description of details of custom and belief and their interrelations in one culture at a time and be designated Ethnographer)
    • notfound: ONET - Occupational Information Network, Feb. 8, 2016
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    • 2016-02-09: new
    • 2016-05-10: revised
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