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From Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms


Ulster Scots


  • People of Scottish descent from the historical province of Ulster.

  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • Albanaigh Uladh
    • Scotch Irish
    • Scots Irish
    • Scots, Ulster
    • Uladh-Albanaigh
    • Ulster Irish
    • Ulster-Scotch
  • Sources

    • found: Work cat.: Ulster-Scots writing : an anthology, c2008:p. 1 (term "Ulster-Scots" is used in present-day Northern Ireland to both celebrate and disparage; at present the term has many meanings. On some occasions it denotes part of Ulster's ethnic connection to Scottish ancestry while on others it is used to describe the linguistic, literary and other cultural practices of this group or community. At its most neutral, it should describe a settler in Ulster of Scottish birth or descent, and the variety of Scots language that this person speaks) p. 2 (Ulster-Scots, with its long historical usage as well as its modern utilization to describe cultural and language movements in Northern Ireland; Ulster-Scots literature) p. 3 (Ulster writers of Scottish descent or inclination) p. 4 (To be Ulster-Scots, in the sense of this anthology, is to be aware of the constant traversal of national boundaries and sensitive to negotiating Irish and Scottish modes of being. It is the textual record of waves of Scots who settled in the North of Ireland, and whose ideological and cultural zones displaced national boundaries. The outcome of this is that many writers have fallen between two national canons of Scotland and Ireland.) p. 10 (includes works in poetry and prose from the nine-county province of Ulster; this anthology defines "Ulster-Scots" as a very broad, fluid, and comprehensive term to classify the numerous textual products of Scottish influence in the province of Ulster)
    • found: Wikipedia, Feb. 12, 2016(Ulster Scots people; The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots: Ulstèr-Scotch; Irish: Albanaigh Uladh or Uladh-Albanaigh) are an ethnic group in Ireland, found mostly in the Ulster region and to a lesser extent in the rest of Ireland. Their ancestors were mostly Protestant Lowland Scottish people, many being from the "Border Reivers" culture. These people migrated to Ireland in large numbers both as a result of the government-sanctioned Plantation of Ulster, a planned process of colonisation which took place under the auspices of James VI of Scotland and James I of England on land confiscated from members of the Gaelic nobility of Ireland who fled Ulster and as part of a larger migration or unofficial settlement)
    • found: The Ulster-Scots Society of America website, Feb. 12, 2016:About the Ulster-Scots (Ulster Scots is a term used primarily in the United Kingdom and Ireland. It refers to the Scots who migrated to the northern province of Ireland (Ulster) beginning about 1605. Although sometimes in North America they are referred to as 'Scotch-Irish' or 'Ulster-Irish'. All these terms most commonly refer to those Lowland and Border Scots who settled in the northern counties of Ireland during the Plantation scheme. However, there were Scots in Ireland as early as the l400s, such as the McDonalds of County Antrim. There was also a steady stream of Highland Scots migrating to the north of Ireland in the early 1800s as a result of the highland clearances in Scotland. It can therefore be considered that anyone whose ancestors migrated from Scotland to Ulster from 1400 onward is of Ulster-Scot descent)
    • found: Ulster-Scots Agency website, Feb. 12, 2016:home page (Ulstèr-Scotch) What is Ulster-Scots (The term Ulster-Scots has, for nearly 400 years, referred to people, not place - the people who migrated from the Lowlands of Scotland to Ulster, and to the Ulster-Scots communities that they established right across the nine counties; migrations between the two coastlines have been ongoing for thousands of years, but it is generally accepted that it was the Hamilton & Montgomery Settlement of May 1606 that saw the floodgates open. Tens of thousands of Lowland Scots poured into Ulster; Ulster-Scots not only refers to these people, and their descendants, but also to their heritage and cultural traditions; Shouldn’t it just be "Scots in Ulster"? At what point did the early settlers cease to be simply Scots in a different land, and become something else? Some would say that by the 1650s when the first generation of Ulster-born Scots were becoming adults there were clear signs of them being different than the mainland Scots their parents had left behind.)
    • found: The Scots-Irish, via Ulster ancestry website, Feb. 12, 2016(Who are the Scots-Irish? Simple questions very rarely have simple answers, and the answer to this one is more complex than most. Much depends, moreover, on where in the world it is posed. In Britain the term is virtually unknown, and most people would assume that it meant some kind of hybridisation between the Irish and the Scots. Only the Protestant communities of Northern Ireland would generally recognise what is meant, though very few would now accept the designation for themselves, preferring to be described as British or Ulstermen. Only in North America, where the term was invented, would one be likely to encounter an immediate recognition; the Ulster Scots)
    • found: Montgomery, M. Scotch-Irish or Scots-Irish: what's in a name?, via The Ulster-Scots Language Society website, Feb. 12, 2016(Scots-Irish; the term Scotch-Irish for Americans whose ancestors came from Ulster (in this article "Ulster" refers to the historic province, consisting of the six counties of Northern Ireland (Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry, and Tyrone) and three counties now in the Republic of Ireland (Cavan, Donegal, and Monaghan); Scotch-Irish has been more widely used in the United States for the last three hundred years, and it remains so today; In the United States Scotch-Irish has been used for Ulster immigrants (mainly of Presbyterian heritage) for more than three centuries and well over one hundred years for their descendants. In the nineteenth century Scotch-Irish widened to encompass other Protestants (Anglicans, Quakers, etc.) and eventually some writers applied it to Ulster immigrants collectively because they were presumed all to have absorbed the Scottish-influenced culture of Presbyterians who had come to Ulster from Scotland in the seventeenth century. (In Ulster, the parallel term Ulster Scots encompasses those of Scottish heritage and often Protestants more widely.))
  • General Notes

    • People of Scottish descent from the historical province of Ulster.
  • Change Notes

    • 2016-02-12: new
    • 2016-05-10: revised
  • Alternate Formats