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From Library of Congress Demographic Group Terms


  • URI(s)

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  • Scheme Membership(s)

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  • Variants

    • Animal behaviorists
    • Animal behaviourists
    • Behavioral scientists, Animal
    • Behaviorists, Animal
    • Behavioural scientists, Animal
  • Broader Terms

  • Sources

    • found: Work cat.: Coppinger, Raymond and Feinstein, Mark. How dogs work, 2015:p. 1 ("For us as ethologists--scientists who systematically investigate the biological bases of behavior") p. 17 ("Ethologists are fundamentally concerned with what animals actually do in nature. We spend our time observing and describing animals as they move around in the world 'making a living'")
    • found: LCSH, Apr. 13, 2016(Ethologists. BT Behavioral scientists. BT Zoologists. RT Animal behavior)
    • found: Oxford dictionaries online, Apr. 13, 2016(ethology: The science of animal behavior. Derivatives: ethologist)
    • found: Henderson's dictionary of biological terms, 2000(ethology: study of the behaviour of animals in their natural habitats)
    • found: McGraw-Hill dictionary of scientific and technical terms, ©2003(ethology [VERT ZOO] The study of animal behavior in a natural context)
    • found: Greenberg, G. Comparative psychology and ethology, via American Psychological Association, Society for Behavioral Neuroscience and Comparative Psychology website, viewed on Apr. 13, 2016(Comparative psychology is a sub-discipline of psychology and ethology of biology; Comparative psychology and ethology are both sciences which study animal behavior, typically non-human behavior, though both have often studied humans; Comparative psychology, strongly influenced by early 20th century Functionalists (e.g., William James, John Dewey), believed behavior allowed organisms to adapt to their environments (i.e., Darwinism); behavior itself was not an evolved phenomenon, though the organism was. Thus, as organisms changed through evolution, new or different behavioral potentials arose. Ethologists, on the other hand, understood behavior itself to be an evolved process, the route being genes--instincts, or inherited behaviors. In later years this one-way route, from genes to behavior, became to be known as the Central Dogma of Molecular Biology. Additionally, while comparative psychology tended to engage primarily in laboratory research, ethology emphasized the significance and importance of studying behavior outside the laboratory, in the natural settings)
    • found: Britannica online, Apr. 13, 2016(Ethology, the study of animal behaviour. Although many naturalists have studied aspects of animal behaviour through the centuries, the modern science of ethology is usually considered to have arisen as a discrete discipline with the work in the 1920s of biologists Nikolaas Tinbergen of the Netherlands and Konrad Lorenz of Austria. The ethologist is interested in the behavioral process rather than in a particular animal group and often studies one type of behaviour (e.g., aggression) in a number of unrelated animals)
    • found: Occupational Information Network, Apr. 13, 2016(Zoologists. Definition: Research or study origin, behavior, diseases, life processes, and distribution of animals)
    • found: Shenk, E. Careers with animals, ©2005:p. 182 (Animal behaviorists fall into several different categories. Those that observe animals in their natural environments are usually called "ethologists." Those who observe and treat problems with animal behavior (usually pets) in their home environment are "applied animal behaviorists." Other animal behaviorists study animals to understand the neurological and physiological foundations of animal behavior) p. 184 (pet behaviorists)
    • found: Crum, Anna-Maria. Animal behaviorists, ©2011:booklet cover ("In this book, you will meet three animal behaviorists -- Joan Embery, Kin Quitugua, and Ed Bangs. They study animals in the wild and work to protect the animals and their habitats")
    • found: January, B. Jane Goodall : animal behaviorist and writer, ©2001.
    • found: Leaders in animal behavior, 2010:p. 59 (ethologists) p. 66 (behaviourist) p. 279 (animal behaviorist) p. 286 (comparative psychologist, although by 1968, I had already started to label myself an animal behaviorist in response to comparative psychologists' hesitancy to embrace ethology)
    • notfound: Dictionary of occupational titles, via WWW, Apr. 13, 2016
  • Change Notes

    • 2016-04-13: new
    • 2017-01-31: revised
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