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  • Persian, Turkish, and Arabic poems written in rhyming couplets.

  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Form

    • Masnavis
  • Variants

    • Athnayn athnayns
    • Masnawis
    • Mathnavis
    • Mathnawis
    • Mesnevis
    • Muthannas
    • Muzdawij
  • Broader Terms

  • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Sources

    • found: The Princeton encyclopedia of poetry and poetics, c2012(Masnavī, also mathnavī. Also referred to as muthannā (doubled), athnayn athnayn (two by two), masnavī is one of the oldest poetic forms in the Persian world. Its most prevalent uses historically have been in epic-narrative, epic-romantic, epic-didactic, and homiletic expressions; masnavīs. Its Ar. counterpart, muzdawij, did not enjoy the general utility and thematic parameters of masnavī in Persian lit.)
    • found: Britannica academic online, viewed June 7, 2013(mas̄navī, also spelled mas̄nawī, a series of distichs (couplets) in rhymed pairs (aa, bb, cc, and so on) that makes up a characteristic type of Persian verse, used chiefly for heroic, historical, and romantic epic poetry and didactic poetry; form originated in the Middle Persian period (roughly from the 3rd century BCE to the 9th century CE). It became a favourite poetic form of the Persians and of those cultures they influenced; Eventually, however, the mas̄navī took root in Arabic literature, where it bore the Arabic name muzdawij. The Persian name is probably a derivative of the Arabic mathna, meaning "two by two.")
    • found: Rypka, J. History of Iranian literature, c1968:p. 98 (mathnavī, a series of distichs rhyming in pairs (aa, bb, cc, etc.). It contains the whole of heroic, historic and romantic epic poetry, together with the didactic poetry of more considerable compass.)
  • General Notes

    • Persian, Turkish, and Arabic poems written in rhyming couplets.
  • Change Notes

    • 2014-12-01: new
    • 2015-12-22: revised
  • Alternate Formats

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