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  • Poems that consist of 13 or 14 lines arranged in two or three stanzas that employ two rhymes and a two-line refrain.

  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Form

    • Rondels
  • Broader Terms

  • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Sources

    • found: The Princeton encyclopedia of poetry and poetics, c2012(Rondel; form with two rhymes, three stanzas, and a two-line refrain that repeats either two and a half or three times: ABba abAB abbaA(B))
    • found: Myers, J. Dictionary of poetic terms, c2003(rondel: consists of 13 lines (a rondel prime has 14 lines) in two quatrains and a final quintet. The meter and rhyme are not fixed, but the poem turns on two rhymes and two refrain lines: the first and second lines reappear as seven and eight, and the last line mirrors the first line (ABba, abAB, and abbaA))
    • found: Cuddon, J. Dictionary of literary terms and literary theory, 1998(rondel. A French fixed form of considerable antiquity and known from the 13th c. In its earliest form it appears to have been an eight-line poem rhyming AB aA ab AB (A and B represent repeated lines). The most usual rondel form consisted of three stanzas working on two rhymes, thus: ABba abAB abba (B); a thirteen line poem in which the refrain came twice in the first eight lines and the opening line was repeated as the last line. If it was fourteen lines, the refrain was repeated three times.)
    • found: Yelland, H.L. Handbook of literary terms, 1980:p. 178 (Rondel: Originally two stanzas of four and five lines, but later changed to three stanzas making thirteen or fourteen lines in all. The first two lines recur after the sixth line. This form was popular as early as the fourteenth century, but later gave way to the rondeau.)
    • found: Merriam-Webster online, July 23, 2014(rondel 2 a : a fixed form of verse based on two rhyme sounds and consisting usually of 14 lines in three stanzas in which the first two lines of the first stanza are repeated as the refrain of the second and third stanzas; b : a poem in this form; c : rondeau 1.)
  • General Notes

    • Poems that consist of 13 or 14 lines arranged in two or three stanzas that employ two rhymes and a two-line refrain.
  • Change Notes

    • 2014-12-01: new
    • 2015-12-22: revised
  • Alternate Formats

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