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Bangsawan (Music)


  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Form

    • Bangsawan (Music)
  • Variants

    • Malay opera
  • Broader Terms

  • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Sources

    • found: Work cat.: 92025275: Tan, S.B. Bangsawan : a social and stylistic history of popular Malay opera, 1993.
    • found: New Grove:v. 17, p. 776 (bangsawan, a popular form of entertainment) v. 11, p. 560 (bangsawan, theatrical genre with vocal and instrumental music)
    • found: Grove music online, viewed August 14, 2014:Malaysia (One of the most famous of the syncretic music-theatre forms is bangsawan (also known as Malay opera), which first appeared in the 19th century; believed to have originated in Persia and carried by Indian sources to the Malay peninsula; each production consisted of one or more stories enacted with dialogue, song and dance, and supplemented by additional song-and-dance routines performed in front of the closed stage curtain during scene changes; the bangsawan orchestra, music, dance, and stories were highly eclectic, featuring elements of local Malay and various foreign art forms; bangsawan performances now tend to feature mainly Malay stories; a standard repertory of pieces is drawn upon to reflect the mood of an episode in a given story)
    • found: Oxford companion to theatre and performance, 2010:bangsawan (Bangsawan was Malaysia's (and later Indonesia's) first purely secular and commercial theatre, characterized by shameless self-promotion, star appeal, and troupe rivalries. It also introduced indigenous audiences to the proscenium stage, scenery, and lighting. Flashy and theatrical, bangsawan performances appealed across ethnic and class lines. Stories were drawn from popular Middle Eastern, Indian, and Malay sources as well as from adaptations of Western literary classics and films. Dialogue, performed in Malay, was improvised around loose scenarios--a single play could take several nights to complete if a good rapport with the audience was established. In the 1890s Malay troupes toured to Sumatra and Java where local companies subsequently formed, becoming generally known in Indonesia as opera melayu (Malay opera) or stambul. Its popularity peaked during the 1920s and 1930s and began to decline in the 1940s, as intellectuals from the nationalist movements in both Malaysia and Indonesia criticized it as coarse and unrealistic.)
  • Change Notes

    • 2016-04-08: new
    • 2016-06-03: revised
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