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Fantasias (Music)


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  • Form

    • Fantasias (Music)
  • Variants

    • Fancies (Music)
    • Fansyes (Music)
    • Fantasies (Music)
    • Fantazias (Music)
    • Fantazies (Music)
    • Phansies (Music)
    • Phantasias (Music)
    • Phantasies (Music)
    • Phantazias (Music)
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  • Sources

    • found: Work cat.: Rodrigo, Joaquín. Fantasía para un gentilhombre, 1991.
    • found: LCSH, Jan. 25, 2018(Fantasia. UF Fancy (Music); Fantasy (Music); Phantasy (Music). BT Musical form)
    • found: Grove music online, Jan. 25, 2018(Fantasia (It., Sp., Ger., Eng.; Eng., Fr., Ger. Fantasie; Fr., Ger. Phantasie; Fr. fantaisie, fantasye, phantaisie; Eng., Ger. Phantasia; Ger. Fantasey; Eng. Fancie, fancy, fansye, fantasy, fantazia, fantazie, fantazy, phansie, phantasy, phantazia). A term adopted in the Renaissance for an instrumental composition whose form and invention spring 'solely from the fantasy and skill of the author who created it' (Luis de Milán, 1535--6). From the 16th century to the 19th the fantasia tended to retain this subjective licence, and its formal and stylistic characteristics may consequently vary widely from free, improvisatory types to strictly contrapuntal and more or less standard sectional forms; the fantasias of Beethoven both maintain and break with tradition; the four fantasias of Schubert; the 19th-century fantasia grew in size and scope to become as musically substantial as large-scale, multi-movement works; the term 'fantasia' was also applied to virtuoso pieces based on a given theme or group of themes of a popular source--usually an opera. Most 19th-century virtuoso pianists wrote operatic fantasias; many who had also composed a successful opera wrote a fantasia on its most popular tunes; in the early 20th century the fantasia became something of a retrospective form, flourishing particularly in organ music based on chorales, themes by Bach or the motif B-A-C-H; the outstanding example of the 20th-century fantasia on original themes is Schoenberg's Phantasy for violin with piano accompaniment op.47; British composers took up the fantasia on given themes as an orchestral form, including Vaughan Williams (Fantasia on Greensleeves and Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis) and Tippett (Fantasia concertante on a Theme of Corelli))
    • found: Grove music online, Jan. 25, 2018(Phantasy. An old English spelling of Fantasia, adopted in competitions established in 1905 by Walter Willson Cobbett and the Worshipful Company of Musicians as the name for a new type of chamber music piece. Cobbett saw phantasies as a 'modern analogue' to the viol fantasias of Tudor and Stuart times: his aim was to elicit works for specified ensembles, of modest length, and without breaks between the contrasting sections, in which the composer's imagination would be given free play; phantasies)
    • found: Merriam-Webster dictionary online, Jan. 25, 2018(fantasia 1 : a free usually instrumental composition not in strict form. 2 a : a work (such as a poem or play) in which the author's fancy roves unrestricted. b : something possessing grotesque, bizarre, or unreal qualities)
    • found: Oxford dictionaries website, Jan. 25, 2018(fantasia: A musical composition with a free form and often an improvisatory style)
    • found: Macmillan dictionary online, Jan. 25, 2018(fantasia: a piece of classical music that does not have a fixed form; a piece of classical music based on other well-known tunes)
  • Change Notes

    • 2018-01-25: new
    • 2018-04-16: revised
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