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From Library of Congress Name Authority File

us: Holiday, Billie, 1915-1959

  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • us: Holliday, Billie, 1915-1959
    • us: Fagan, Eleanora, 1915-1959
    • us: Holiday, Eleanora, 1915-1959
    • us: McKay, Eleanora, 1915-1959
    • us: Holiday, Billy, 1915-1959
    • us: Lady Day, 1915-1959
  • Additional Information

    • Birth Date

        (edtf) 1915-04-07
    • Death Date

        (edtf) 1959-07-17
    • Birth Place

        (naf) Philadelphia (Pa.)
    • Death Place

        (naf) New York (N.Y.)
    • Associated Locale

        (naf) United States
    • Associated Locale

        (naf) Harlem (New York, N.Y.)
    • Gender

        (lcdgt) Females
    • Associated Language

    • Field of Activity

        (lcsh) Music
          (lcsh) Jazz
            (lcsh) Blues (Music)
          • Occupation

              (lcsh) Blues musicians
                (lcsh) Jazz singers
            • Sources

              • found: Lady sings the blues, 1956: (Billie Holiday with William Dufty)
              • found: James, B. Billie Holiday, 1984: p. 16 (name originally Eleanora Holiday) p. 63-64 (hospitalized 5/31/59 under her married name Eleanora McKay)
              • found: Metropolitan Opera House jam session, p1991: container (Billy Holiday)
              • found: New Grove dict. of jazz (Holiday, Billie (Fagan, Eleanora; Lady Day); b. Apr. 7, 1915; d. July 17, 1959, New York; singer, daughter of Clarence Holiday)
              • found: Wikipedia, March 31, 2016 (Eleanora Fagan (Apr. 7, 1915, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - July 17, 1959, New York City, New York), professionally known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz musician and singer-songwriter with a career spanning nearly thirty years; nicknamed "Lady Day" was known for her vocal delivery and improvisational skills; after a turbulent childhood, Holiday began singing in nightclubs around Harlem; throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Holiday booked mainstream success with labels such as Columbia Records and Decca Records; by the late 1940s, however, Holiday was beset with legal troubles and drug abuse. After a short prison sentence, Holiday performed a sold-out concert at Carnegie Hall. However, due to her drug and alcohol problems, her reputation deteriorated; Holiday died of cirrhosis of the liver in 1959) {}
            • LC Classification

              • ML420.H58
            • Change Notes

              • 1980-06-25: new
              • 2016-09-07: revised
            • Alternate Formats