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Taglioni, Marie, 1804-1884

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  • Variants

    • De Voisino, Marie Taglioni Gilbert, comtesse, 1804-1884
    • Gilbert de Voisino, Marie Taglioni, comtesse, 1804-1884
    • Talʹoni, Marii︠a︡, 1804-1884
  • Additional Information

    • Birth Date

        (edtf) 1804-04-23
    • Death Date

        (edtf) 1884-04-22
    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: (naf) Opéra de Paris
    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: (naf) Her Majesty's Theatre (London, England)
    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: (naf) Imperial Russian Ballet
    • Birth Place

        (naf) Stockholm (Sweden)
    • Death Place

        (naf) Marseille (France)
    • Gender

    • Occupation

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  • Sources

    • found: Levinson, A. I︠A︡. Marie Taglioni ... 1929
    • found: Wikipedia, 7 October 2016(Marie Taglioni (23 April 1804-22 April 1884) was a ballet dancer of the Romantic ballet era, a central figure in the history of European dance; she was one of the most celebrated ballerinas of the romantic ballet, which was cultivated primarily at Her Majesty's Theatre in London, and at the Théâtre de l'Académie Royale de Musique of the Paris Opera Ballet; she is credited with (though not confirmed) being the first ballerina to truly dance en pointe; Taglioni was born in Stockholm, Sweden, to Italian choreographer Filippo Taglioni and Swedish ballet dancer Sophie Karsten; her brother, Paul (1808-1884), was also a dancer and an influential choreographer; Taglioni was married to Comte Auguste Gilbert de Voisins on 14 July 1832, but separated in 1836; the couple had one daughter, Eugenie-Marie Edwige; before joining the Paris Opéra, Taglioni danced in both Munich and Stuttgart, and at age 23 debuted in a ballet choreographed by her father called "La Sicilien" that jump-started her ballet career; Taglioni rose to fame as a danseuse at the Paris Opéra when her father created the ballet La Sylphide (1832) for her; in 1827 Taglioni left the Ballet of Her Majesty's Theatre to take up a three-year contract in Saint Petersburg with the Imperial Ballet; Taglioni retired from performing in 1847; for a time she took up residence at the Ca' d'Oro on the Grand Canal in Venice; when the ballet of the Paris Opéra was reorganized on stricter, more professional lines, she was its guiding spirit; later she taught social dance and ballroom to children and society ladies in London; she also took a limited number of ballet pupils; her only choreographic work was Le papillon (1860); Johann Strauss II composed the "Marie Taglioni Polka" (Op. 173) in honor of Marie Taglioni's niece, Marie "Paul" Taglioni, also known as "Marie the Younger;" the two women, having the same name, have often been conflated, or confused with each other; Taglioni died in Marseille on 22 April 1884)
  • Change Notes

    • 1980-08-12: new
    • 2016-10-08: revised
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