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Lumley, John Lumley, Baron, 1534?-1609


  • [John Lumley, Baron Lumley (approximately 1534-1609), was a member of the English aristocracy under the monarchs Edward VI, Mary I, Elizabeth I, and James I. Best known as a book and art collector, he assembled one of the largest lbraries in Elizabethan England, which was later added to the Royal Library and now forms part of the holdings of the British Library. As keeper of the Great Park at Nonsuch Palace, he also made contributions to garden design.] Lumley's political career, closely tied with that of his father-in-law Henry Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel, was limited by his adherence to the Catholic Church.

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    • Lumley, John, Baron Lumley, 1534?-1609
    • John, Lord Lumley, 1534?-1609
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    • found: British Museum. Dept. of Printed Books. The Lumley library, 1956
    • found: Getty ULAN, 6 September 2019(Lumley, John (English collector, 1535-1609) (preferred); display name: John Lumley; other names: Lumley, John, 1st Baron, John Lumley, 1st Baron; nationalities: British (modern) [but pre-1707], English; roles: collector; gender: male; born: Chester-le-Street (Durham, England, United Kingdom); died: Surrey (England, United Kingdom); ID: 500321746) - http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500321746
    • found: VIAF, 28 August 2019authorized access points in VIAF cluster: Lumley, John Lumley, baron, 1534?-1609, Lumley, John Lumley 1534?-1609 Baron, John Lumley, 1st Baron Lumley English collector, Lumley, John, Baron Lumley, 1534?-1609, Lumley, John (English collector, 1535-1609), Lumley, John Lumley 1533-1609; VIAF ID: 38163710 (Personal)) - http://viaf.org/viaf/38163710
    • found: Oxford dictionary of national biography online, 27 August 2019:Lumley, John, first Baron Lumley (Lumley, John, first Baron Lumley (c. 1533-1609); collector and conspirator, committed Catholic; only son of George Lumley (executed 1537); inherited the family estates around Durham on death of grandfather John Lumley, fifth Baron Lumley (b. in or before 1492, d. 1545); inherited extensive estates, the greatest coal owner among English aristocracy; restored in blood 1547, created Baron Lumley; matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge, May 1549; destiny was determined by 1st marriage, to Jane (1537-1577), translator, eldest child of Henry Fitzalan, 12th earl of Arundel (1512-1580); created KB 29 September 1553; had London house in Hart Street (near Tower Hill) and Lumley Castle, near Chester-le-Street, co. Durham; after death of Arundel's 2nd wife and Lady Lumley's siblings, moved to Arundel's residence at Nonsuch Palace, Surrey; keeper of great park of Nonsuch from 20 August 1559 until death; became high steward of University of Oxford 24 February 1559 on elevation of Arundel to chancellor; maintained relationship with Oxford throughout life, donating books to Bodleian Library, as well as Cambridge; steady adherent of Arundel, implicated in Catholic plots on behalf of Mary, Queen of Scots; incarceration after September 1571 until released April 1573; these activities ended any political ambitions he had; a commissioner for Mary's trial; sat in judgment on important trials 1554-1586, including court of Star Chamber; appointed commissioner for settling claims for coronations of both Elizabeth I and James I, and for creation of knights of the Bath in 1603; when Arundel died 24 February 1580, Nonsuch passed to Lumley; in 1592, gave Nonsuch to queen, remained resident as keeper, with lease on the great park; owner of properties in and around Chichester, exercised patronage over its parliamentary seat; also had house at Stanstead, Sussex; one of the great Elizabethan collector-patrons; collections, which included books, paintings, and marbles, were catalogued during his lifetime; his library, at Nonsuch, one of largest in Elizabethan England, nearly 3000 books; later passed from Lumley to Henry, prince of Wales, then into Royal Library; vast majority collected by Lumley himself; also included significant number of books originally purchased by Thomas Cranmer, archbishop of Canterbury, Arundel, and Lumley's brother-in-law, Welsh antiquary Humphrey Lloyd (c.1527-1568); wide range of subjects, with predominance of medical, scientific, and geographical titles; interest in medicine led to his sponsorship of regular surgery lecture at Royal College of Physicians between 1582 and 1583; also music; inventory (1590) of collection of paintings, furniture, and stone sculptures at Lumley castle and Nonsuch; gardens at Nonsuch were Lumley's other significant contribution to Elizabethan culture: erected grove of Diana, England's first allegorical garden; concern with family ancestry and genealogy, wanted to portray himself as member of ancient nobility; died 11 April 1609 at London residence, buried in Lumley chapel at St Dunstan's, Cheam; had entailed lands and castle of Lumley on Richard Lumley, first Viscount Lumley of Waterford (bap. 1589, d. 1661x3); from him descended the earls of Scarbrough)
    • found: Wikipedia, 27 August 2019(John Lumley, 1st Baron Lumley (c. 1533-1609); English aristocrat, remembered as one of greatest collectors of art and books of his age; grandson and heir of John, Lord Lumley; in 1547, obtained Act of Parliament restoring him in blood, became Baron Lumley (as a new Barony), summoned to Parliament 5 October 1553-5 November 1605; attended coronation of Mary I; served as a Commissioner of Claims at coronations of Elizabeth I and James I; suspected of treasonable dealings with Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in 1570 along with Earl of Arundel, father-in-law; a judge at 1586 trial of Mary, Queen of Scots, 1602 trial of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex; with Richard Caldwell, Lord Lumley endowed series of lectures, known as the Lumleian Lectures, starting in 1582 and still being given today; initially about anatomy and surgery, today on general medicine; died 11 April 1609 without surviving children; at death, Barony of Lumley became extinct; buried at Cheam with 1st wife at St. Dunstan's Church; settled bulk of his estate on cousin and heir male, Richard Lumley, 1st Viscount Lumley; his library became a significant addition to Old Royal Library -- which eventually became the basis of the British Library)
    • found: Wikidata, 28 August 2019(John Lumley, 1st Baron Lumley (Q6245516); also known as: 1st Baron John Lumley, John, 1st Baron Lumley, John Lumley; description: English collector; sex or gender: male; country of citizenship: England; date of birth: 1533; date of death: 11 April 1609; spouse: Jane Lumley; occupation: art collector; educated at: Queens' College) - http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q6245516
    • found: Oxford dictionary of national biography online, 26 August 2019:Fitzalan, Henry, twelfth earl of Arundel (Fitzalan, Henry, twelfth earl of Arundel (1512-1580); daughter Jane Fitzalan (1537-1578) married Catholic peer John Lumley, Baron Lumley (c. 1533-1609), who inherited Nonsuch's contents, including library)
  • General Notes

    • [John Lumley, Baron Lumley (approximately 1534-1609), was a member of the English aristocracy under the monarchs Edward VI, Mary I, Elizabeth I, and James I. Best known as a book and art collector, he assembled one of the largest lbraries in Elizabethan England, which was later added to the Royal Library and now forms part of the holdings of the British Library. As keeper of the Great Park at Nonsuch Palace, he also made contributions to garden design.] Lumley's political career, closely tied with that of his father-in-law Henry Fitz Alan, Earl of Arundel, was limited by his adherence to the Catholic Church.
  • Change Notes

    • 1981-02-16: new
    • 2019-09-07: revised
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