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From Library of Congress Name Authority File


us: Lugard, F. D. (Frederick Dealtry), Sir, 1858-1945



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  • Variants

    • us: Lugard, Frederick Dealtry, Sir, 1858-1945
    • us: Lugard, Frederick John Dealtry, Baron, 1858-1945
    • us: Abinger, Frederick John Dealtry, Baron Lugard of, 1858-1945
    • us: Lugard, Lord, 1858-1945
    • us: Lugard of Abinger, Frederick John Dealtry, Baron, 1858-1945
    • us: 盧嘉, 1858-1945
  • Earlier Established Forms

    • Lugard, Frederick John Dealtry, Baron, 1858-1945
  • Sources

    • found: His The rise of our East African empire, 1893.
    • found: The dual mandate in British tropical Africa, 1923: t.p. (Right Hon. Sir F.D. Lugard)
    • found: A catalogue of the papers of Frederick Dealtry Lugard, Baron Lugard of Abinger, 1858-1945, 1989
    • found: Oxford DNB online, 9 Oct. 2008 (Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, Baron Lugard; governor-general of Nigeria, born 22 Jan. 1858 at Fort St George, Madras; in 1902, married Flora Louise Shaw, colonial editor of The Times; died 11 Apr. 1945 in Abinger)
    • found: Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition, accessed February 28, 2015, via Oxford African American Studies Center database: (Lugard, Frederick John Dealtry; Baron Lugard of Abinger; soldier, explorer, colonial agent, colonial governor general, diplomat; born in 1858 in Fort St. George, Madras, India; educated in England at the Royal Military College; joined the British army; faught slavery in East, Central Africa; lead an expedition to Nyasaland (Malawi) (1888) and to Buganda (Uganda) kingdom, negotiated end of civil war and established British protectorate (1890); was hired by Royal Niger Company to secure treaties (1894); was appointed leader of West African Frontier Force to block French expansion and high commissioner of Northern Nigeria (1900); conquered the Sokoto Caliphate (1904); invented indirect rule system; became governor of Hong Kong (1907); went back to Africa for Southern and Northern Nigeria unification (1912-1914); retired in 1919; published The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa (1922); was British representative to the League of Nations Permanent Mandates Commission and chairman of International Institute of African Languages and Cultures (1923-1939); received title of baron in1928; died in 1945)
  • Editorial Notes

    • [Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project.]
    • [Non-Latin script reference not evaluated.]
  • Change Notes

    • 1981-02-16: new
    • 2015-04-26: revised
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