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us: Frith, Francis



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    • us: Gossiping photographer
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  • Sources

    • found: Longfellow, L. W. Hyperion, 1865.
    • found: Views in Kulu and Spiti, 2011 p. v (Francis Frith Jr., born Oct. 7, 1822 in Chesterfield, England; died Feb. 1898; travel and landscape photographer and founder of photographic printing firm F. Frith & Co., which published his photographs and those of others)
    • found: The gossiping photographer on the Rhine, 1864: page 1 (introduction signed: The gossiping photographer)
    • found: The gossiping photographer on the Rhine, 2011, via Google Books, May 5, 2014: front cover (Francis Frith)
    • found: ULAN, May 5, 2014 (Frith, Francis (English photographer and publisher, 1822-1898); "Frith opened a studio 'Frith & Hayward' in Liverpool in 1850. In 1856, Frith embarked on his first of three commercial expeditions to photograph Egypt, the Nile, Pyramids, the Sphinx of Giza, Karnak, Luxor and Thebes. The second expedition was to Egypt, Syria, and Palestine from 1857 to 1858, and in 1859, Frith embarked upon the third expedition, traveling 1,500 miles up the Nile photographing monuments. In 1859, Frith returned to England and opened 'F. Frith and Company' at Reigate in Surrey, where he produced books, portfolios of Germany, Tyrol, Switzerland, Italy, Gibraltar, Spain and Portugal, along with stereoscopic cards. Frith began to photograph Britain and its monuments in 1864. Frith is considered the first mass-producer and distributor of photographic images in England. Frith was associated with the Liverpool Photographic Society and the Architectural Photographic Association"; born: Chesterfield, England; died: Cannes, France)
    • found: Oxford DNB, May 5, 2014 (Frith, Francis (1822-1898), photographer and businessman, born on 7 October 1822 in Chesterfield; founder-member of the Liverpool Photographic Society; established wholesale grocery business in Liverpool, and later a printing business, which he sold at a great profit in 1856; undertook the three journeys to the Middle East that were to make his reputation between1856 and 1859, to Palestine and Syria and up the Nile; in 1860, set up a photographic company in Reigate, Surrey (where he settled); for a time Frith & Co. was the largest photographic publisher in the world; traveled widely and took thousands of photographs himself, as well as commissioning many photographers, including Francis Bedford; remained a convinced Quaker all his life and contributed a number of articles to the Friends Quarterly Examiner; co-author of A reasonable faith (1844); died 25 February 1898 at his home, La Petite Bastide, in Cannes, France)
    • found: Oxford Art Online/Grove Art Online, May 5, 2014 (Frith, Francis, born Chesterfield, Derbyshire, 1822; died Cannes, 25 Feb 1898; English photographer; noted for his studies of the Middle East and for establishing the largest photographic publishing firm in the 19th century; as a travel photographer, he used the collodion process in preference to the more convenient paper-based calotype; in 1858-1860, published Egypt and Palestine photographed and described by Francis Frith, the first of a series of albums containing mounted albumen prints accompanied by letterpress commentaries; also published books such as The gossiping photographer at Hastings (1864) and large numbers of picture postcards)
    • found: Encyclopedia of nineteenth-century photography online, May 5, 2014 (Frith, Francis (1822-1898) English photographer, publisher; dominated the photographic publication industry in England in the late 19th century; as a photographer, known for the hundreds of photographs he made in the Near East during the course of three separate journeys (1856/57, 1857/58, 1859/60) through Egypt, Syria, and Palestine; while Frith was on second journey, "Egypt and Palestine photographed and described by Frances Frith" (1858-1860) was published by subscription by James Virtue, and images from the journey were also released as an extensive set of stereo images by Negretti and Zambra; between second and third journeys, Frith formed a photographic printing firm, Frith and Hayward, with a London printseller; Frith and Hayward's printing operation expanded and moved to Reigate, and in 1862 Frith acquired sole ownership and continued printing as F. Frith and Company; details of further publications, including The gossiping photographer at Hastings (1864) and The gossiping photographer on the Rhine (1864); his photographic printing enterprise is a milestone in the industrialization of photographic printing and publishing in Great Britain; beginning with the short partnership with Hayward, quickly followed by F. Frith and Co., he initiated the rapid, centralized, factory-scale printing of glass plate negatives; after 1870, devoted less time to the firm and took up service as a Quaker minister)
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    • 1979-10-04: new
    • 2014-05-21: revised
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