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us: Lydgate, John, 1370?-1451?



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  • Variants

    • us: Lidgate, John, 1370?-1451?
    • us: Lidgate, Iohn, 1370?-1451?
    • us: Monk of Bury, 1370?-1451?
    • us: Monke of Burie, 1370?-1451?
    • us: Monk of Bery, 1370?-1451?
  • Sources

    • found: InU/Wing STC files (usage: John Lidgate)
    • found: Mummings and entertainments, 2010: ECIP t.p. (John Lydgate) data view (John Lydgate (c. 1371-1449), monk of the great abbey of Bury St. Edmunds in Suffolk, is best known today as the author of such large-scale works as the Fall of Princes, the Troy Book, and the Siege of Thebes, which established him as the pre-eminent poet of fifteenth-century England, but he also had an active career as a writer of verses for public and private ceremonies and entertainments)
    • found: Chaucer, Geoffrey. The vvorkes of our ancient and learned English poet, Geffrey Chaucer, 1602: added title page (Iohn Lidgate, Monke of Burie)
    • found: Oxford dictionary of national biography, 5 May 2015 (Lydgate, John (c.1370-1449/50?), poet and prior of Hatfield Regis, was born at Lidgate in Suffolk, a few miles south-west of Bury St Edmunds where he was to spend most of his life; monastic upbringing; often referred to simply as the Monk of Bury (by others and by himself); studied at Oxford, probably at Gloucester College, the Benedictine hall; became priest on 7 April 1397; Lancastrian literary patronage in 15th century, including Humphrey, duke of Gloucester; wrote poems and made verse translations; his only known prose work was The Serpent of Division; in 1423 Lydgate was elected prior of Hatfield Regis, Essex, a small alien priory appropriated to Bury, an office that he held until 8 April 1434, although he was probably not resident throughout that period; in 1426 he was at Paris (perhaps in the service of the earl of Warwick, then acting regent of France) and at other times at London or Bury; was at Bury, it seems, from 1434 until his death; date of death is not certain, but is probably 1449 or 1450; the suggested later date of 1451 depends on a remark by Bishop Alcock that Lydgate wrote a poem on the occasion of the final loss of France and Gascony, but the fact that his royal grant ceases after 29 September 1449 suggests that Lydgate died between that date and Michaelmas of the following year; buried at Bury Abbey)
    • found: Pearsall, Derek. John Lydgate (1371-1449), 1997: p. 12 (In the Prologue to The siege of Thebes, Lydgate describes self as "Lydgate, / Monk of Bery," nearly 50 years old on fictional date of 27 April 1421; one may deduce that he was born in 1371) p. 40 (it is reasonably certain that Lydgate died in the last quarter of 1449)
  • LC Classification

    • PR2030-PR2038
  • Change Notes

    • 1980-06-02: new
    • 2015-05-13: revised
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