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From Library of Congress Name Authority File


us: Smithson, James, 1765-1829


  • [James Smithson (1765-1829), founding donor of the Smithsonian Institution, was born in 1765 in France with the name James Lewis Macie. The illegitimate son of Elizabeth Hungerford Keate Macie and Hugh Smithson, 1st Duke of Northumberland, he changed his name as well as his citizenship, becoming a naturalized British citizen around the age of ten. After his parents' death, he became known as James Smithson rather than James Macie. Additional biographical information may be found at] http://siarchives.si.edu/history/exhibits/stories/james-smithson-founder-smithsonian-institution.

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  • Variants

    • us: Macie, James L. (James Lewis), 1765-1829
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  • Sources

    • found: Langley, S. P. James Smithson, 1904.
    • found: WBIS, July 2, 2013 (born 1765, died June 27, 1829)
    • found: James Smithson letter to Davies Gilbert, Paris, France, 1792 May 9 (James L. Macie)
    • found: Wikipedia, viewed on November 21, 2013 (James Smithson; illegitimate child of the 1st Duke of Northumberland, and was born secretly in Paris, as James Lewis Macie; attended Pembroke College (University of Oxford) from 1782 to 1786, graduating with a Master of Arts; British chemist and mineralogist; became a member of the Royal Society in 1787; founding donor of the Smithsonian Institution; died in Genoa, Italy on June 27, 1829) {https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Smithson}
  • General Notes

    • [James Smithson (1765-1829), founding donor of the Smithsonian Institution, was born in 1765 in France with the name James Lewis Macie. The illegitimate son of Elizabeth Hungerford Keate Macie and Hugh Smithson, 1st Duke of Northumberland, he changed his name as well as his citizenship, becoming a naturalized British citizen around the age of ten. After his parents' death, he became known as James Smithson rather than James Macie. Additional biographical information may be found at] http://siarchives.si.edu/history/exhibits/stories/james-smithson-founder-smithsonian-institution.
  • Change Notes

    • 1980-03-10: new
    • 2013-12-03: revised
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