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From Library of Congress Name Authority File

us: X, Malcolm, 1925-1965

  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • us: Ḥajj Malik al-Shabāẓz, 1925-1965
    • us: Hajj Malik el-Shabazz, 1925-1965
    • us: Iks, Mālkūm, 1925-1965
    • us: Malcolm X, 1925-1965
    • us: Malik al-Shabāẓz, 1925-1965
    • us: Malik el-Shabazz, 1925-1965
    • us: Shabāz, Mālik, 1925-1965
    • us: Shabazz, el-Hajj Malik, 1925-1965
    • us: Shabazz, Malik, 1925-1965
  • Additional Information

    • Birth Date

        (edtf) 1925-05-19
    • Death Date

        (edtf) 1965-02-21
    • Birth Place

        (naf) Omaha (Neb.)
    • Death Place

        (naf) Harlem (New York, N.Y.)
    • Associated Locale

        (naf) United States
    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: (naf) Nation of Islam (Chicago, Ill.)
        • Affiliation End: 1964
    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: (naf) Organization of Afro-American Unity
        • Affiliation Start: 1964
    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: (naf) Muslim Mosque, Inc.
        • Affiliation Start: 1964
    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: (naf) Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
        • Organization: (naf) Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
        • Organization: (naf) Massachusetts Reformatory (Concord, Mass.)
    • Gender

    • Associated Language

    • Field of Activity

        (lcsh) Black Muslims
          (lcsh) Muslims--United States
            (lcsh) Black nationalism
          • Occupation

              (lcsh) Civil rights workers
                (lcsh) Imams (Mosque officers)
            • Earlier Established Forms

                Little, Malcolm, 1925-1965
            • Sources

              • found: The autobiography of Malcolm X, 1965.
              • found: Arbʻat muʼathirāt Sūdānīyah fī fikr Malkūlim Iks wa-masīratuhu al-daʻawīyah, 2006: t.p. (Mālkūm Iks) p. 7 (Mālik Shabāz)
              • found: Malcolm X = Al-Ḥajj Malik al-Shabāẓz, 1990: cover (Ḥajj Malik al-Shabāẓz)
              • found: Britannica academic edition website, viewed Dec. 20, 2013 (Malcolm X, orig. Malcolm Little, Muslim name el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz; b. May 19, 1925, Omaha, Neb.; joined the Nation of Islam while in prison 1946-1952; left the Nation of Islam Mar. 1964 and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc.; took Muslim name el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz during pilgrimage to Mecca that same year; in 1965 founded the Organization of Afro-American Unity; d. Feb. 21, 1965, New York, NY, assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem)
              • found: African American National Biography, accessed September 23, 2014, via Oxford African American Studies Center database: (X, Malcolm; el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz; Malcolm Little; civil rights activist, islamic leader, murder victim; born 19 May 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska, United States; paroled from Concord Reformatory, Massachusetts (1952); became Elijah Muhammad's most effective minister (1950s-1960s); minister of New York Temple No. 7 (1954); national representative, Nation of Islam (1957); served as Elijah Muhammad's emissary at a secret Atlanta meeting seeking an accommodation with the Ku Klux Klan (1961); the most well-known figure in the Nation of Islam; formed Muslim Mosque, Inc. (1963); formed Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU); attended Organization of African Unity Summit Conference (1964); discussed his unity plans with leaders of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); invited members of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party to be guests of honor at OAAU meeting, Harlem, New York; died 21 February 1965 in York, New York, United States, Audubon Ballroom)
            • Editorial Notes

              • [Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project.]
              • [Non-Latin script reference not evaluated.]
            • Change Notes

              • 1980-06-26: new
              • 2015-11-05: revised
            • Alternate Formats