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Holbach, Paul Henri Thiry, baron d', 1723-1789


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  • Variants

    • D'Holbach, Paul Henri Thiry, baron, 1723-1789
    • Holbach, Paul Henri Thiery, baron d', 1723-1789
    • Holbach, Paul Heinrich Dietrich, Freiherr von, 1723-1789
    • Thiry, Paul Henri, baron d'Holbach, 1723-1789
    • Thiery, Paul Henri, baron d'Holbach, 1723-1789
    • Thierry, Paul Henri, baron d'Holbach, 1723-1789
    • Dietrich, Paul Henri, baron d'Holbach, 1723-1789
    • Thyry, Paul Henri, baron d'Holbach, 1723-1789
    • Holbach, Paul Thiry, baron d'Holbach, 1723-1789
    • Holbach, baron d', 1723-1789
    • D'Holbach, baron, 1723-1789
    • M. D***, 1723-1789
    • D***, M., 1723-1789
    • Ancien magistrat, 1723-1789
    • Bernier, M. l'abbé, 1723-1789
    • Olbach, barón de, 1723-1789
    • Orbach, baron de, 1723-1789
    • Halbach, baron d', 1723-1789
    • Holbah, Pol, 1723-1789
    • Golʹbakh, Polʹ, 1723-1789
    • Holbakh, Pol, 1723-1789
  • Additional Information

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  • Sources

    • found: Neri, A. Art de la verrerie, 1752, via Google Books, Mar. 13, 2014:title page (ouvrages ... traduits de l'allemand, par M. D***)
    • found: LCCN 08-15661: Neri, A. Art de la verrerie, 1752(access point: Holbach, Paul Henri Thiry, baron d', 1723-1789)
    • found: Holbach, Paul Henri Thiry, baron d'. Théologie portative, ou, Dictionnaire abrégé de la religion chrêtienne, 1768:t.p. (par M. l'abbé Bernier, licencié en théologie)
    • found: BN(under Holbach: "l'auteur véritable de l'ouvrage [Théologie portative ... par M. l'abbé Bernier] serait le Bon. d'Holbach")
    • found: Holbach, Paul Henri Thiry, baron d'. La politique naturelle, 1773, via Google Books, Mar. 13, 2014:title page (par un ancien magistrat)
    • found: Holbach, Paul Henri Thiry, baron d'. La morale universelle, 1776(name not given).
    • found: Holbach, Paul Henri Thiry, baron d'. The system of nature, 1984:CIP t.p. (Paul Henri Thiery, baron d'Holbach)
    • found: Kochari͡an, M. T. Pol Holbakhě ew kroně,1990
    • found: Quérard, J.M. La France littéraire, 1827-1864, via HathiTrust, Mar. 13, 2014:v. 4 (1830), page 118 (Holbach, Paul Thyry, baron d', born Heidelsheim [sic], beginning of 1723, died Jan. 21, 1789; lists works, including La morale universelle, La politique naturelle and Théologie portative ("publié sous le pseudonyme de l'abbé Bernier"))
    • found: BnF authorities, Mar. 13, 2014(authorized access point: Holbach, Paul Henri Dietrich (1723-1789 ; baron d'); born 1723-12-08, Edesheim, Germany, died 1789-06-21, Paris; philosopher and author, also translator from German and English into French; birth name Paul Dietrich; translated family name into French as "Thiry" and more rarely "Thierry"; adopted by his uncle Franciscus-Adam d'Holbach; naturalized French in 1749)
    • found: Vercruysse, J. Bibliographie descriptive des écrits du baron d'Holbach, 1971:introduction, page 5 (Paul Thiry, baron d'Holbach, 1723-1789; none of Holbach's works published in his lifetime bear any indication of his authorship except Encyclopédie articles signed with his mark and 2 published letters signed with his name or his initials, nor did he ever claim authorship of any; most attributions are posthumous) appendix 2, "catégories" (authentic original works: Arrêt rendu à l'amphithéatre and Lettre à une dame d'une certain age, 1752; Le Christianisme dévoilé, 1766; La contagion sacrée, Lettres à Eugénie and Théologie portative, 1768; Essai sur les préjugés and Histoire critique de Jésus-Christ, 1770; Système de la nature and Tableau des saints, 1770; Le bon sens, 1772; La politique naturelle and Système social, 1773; Éthocratie, 1776; La morale universelle, 1776; Eléments de morale universelle, 1790; works in collaboration: Encyclopédie, tomes 2-5, 8-17 and Recueil de planches, tome 6; Correspondance littéraire ("L'abbé et le rabbin"; "Essai sur l'art de ramper"); Le militaire philosophe, 1768; De la tolérance, 1769; Recueil philosophique, 1770; Œuvres de Sénèque, 1778; also lists translations, including Art de la verrerie, 1752, and works edited by Holbach)
    • found: Allgemeine deutsche Biographie, via WWW, Mar. 13, 2014(Holbach: Paul Heinrich Dietrich Freiherr v[on] H[olbach], born Edesheim bei Landau beginning of December 1723 (baptized on Dec. 8); actual family name was Thierry (Dirre; Dietrich is a translation); received the name Holbach and noble status via adoption by his maternal uncle, Freiherr Franz Adam v. Holbach, who educated him in Paris and bequeathed him half of his fortune; died June 21, 1789, Paris)
    • found: Neue deutsche Biographie, via WWW, Mar. 13, 2014(Holbach, Paul [Paul italicized] T(h)iry von; natural scientist and philosopher; born Dec. 8, 1723, Edesheim bei Landau (Rheinpfalz); died Jan. 21, 1789, Paris; son of Johannes Jacobus Dirre (Tirri, Tyrry, Thierry, 1672-1756); maternal uncle was Franz Adam Freiherr von Holbach (ennobled 1720, granted title of Reichsfreiherr, 1728, died 1753); educated at uncle's expense; university studies in Leiden, 1744-1748; lived in Paris from 1748/1749; inherited uncle's wealth and title; kept a salon in Paris; friend of Denis Diderot and F.M. Grimm; in 1750s, translator into French of works on chemistry and mineralogy; member of academies of Berlin (1754), Mannheim (1766) and St. Petersburg (1780); contributor of more than 1100 articles to Diderot's Encyclopédie; editor and/or translator, with others, of anti-religious works from the first half of the 18th century, by both French authors and English deists; his most important work is Système de la nature, 1770; all his works were published anonymously or under pseudonyms, resulting in uncertainty about is authorship in many cases; list of his works is given according to Textkritische Studien zum Werk Holbachs by R. Besthorn (1969) and is chiefly as in Vercruysse, except: Arrêt rendu à l'amphithéatre (not by Holbach); Lettre à une dame d'un certain âge (Holbach's authorship uncertain) and Théologie portative (Holbach contributed preface and several articles) [Vercruysse disputes Besthorn in these cases])
    • found: Dict. de biographie française(Holbach, Paul-Henri Thiry d'), born Heidelsheim, Germany, Dec. 8, 1723, died Paris, Jan. 21, 1789; born as Paul Dietrich, which he rendered in French as Thiry or rarely Thierry)
    • found: Cioranescu, A. 18. s.(Holbach (Paul-Henri-Dietrich, baron d'), born Heidelsheim, 1723, died Paris, Jan. 21, 1789)
    • found: OCLC, Mar. 13, 2014(usage, excluding pseudonyms and falsely/fictitiously attributed names: Barão d'Holbach; Barón de Holbach; Baron de Olbach; baron de Orbach [sic]; Baron d'Halbach [sic]; baron d'Holbach; Baron d'Holbach (Paul Henri Thiry Holbach); Baron Holbach; Baron Paul Tiry d'Holbach; Baron Paul Tiry von Holbach; d'Holbach; Golʹbakh; Holbach; M. le baron d'Holbach; P. Golʹbakh; P. Holbach; P. Holbakh; P.H. d'Holbach; P.-H.-D. baron d'Holbach; Paul Henri Thiery, baron d'Holbach; Paul Henri Thiry, baron d'Holbach; Paul Thiry d'Holbach; Paul Thiry von Holbach; Paul Thiry, Baron d'Holbach; Paul Thiry, Baron von Holbach, 1723-1789; Paul-Henri Thiry d'Holbach; Paul-Henry Th. d'Holbach; Paul-Henry Th. d'Holbach; Paul-Henry Thiry d'Holbach; Polʹ Golʹbakh; Pol Holbah; Polʹ Holʹbakh)
  • Change Notes

    • 1980-09-22: new
    • 2018-10-13: revised
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