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us: Haupt, Herman, 1817-1905


  • [Herman Haupt was an outstanding civil engineer, best remembered for helping to organize the Pennsylvania Railroad, making the first abortive attempt to build the Hoosac Tunnel in Massachusetts, and most importantly, organizing rail tansport for the Union armies facing General Lee during the Civil War. A brilliant organizer, his personality and restless intellect nonetheless kept him from being an "organization man" and finding a permanent place in the enterprises he worked for.]

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    • us: Haupt, H. (Herman), 1817-1905
    • us: Haupt, Hermann, 1817-1905
  • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Sources

    • found: His General theory of bridge construction ... 1851.
    • found: His Washington, March 26, 1862. Sir: A personal friend ... has invented an armor for war vessels, 1862: t.p. (H. Haupt)
    • found: Military bridges, 1864: t.p. (Hermann Haupt, A.M., Civil Engineer)
    • found: Biog. dict. of Amer. civil engineers, 1972: p. 56 (Haupt, Herman; b. Philadelphia, Pa., Mar. 26, 1817; d. Jersey City, NJ, Dec. 14, 1905)
    • found: Dictionary of American biography, volume 8 : p. 400-410 (Haupt, Herman; born March 26, 1817 at Philadelphia, Pa.; died December 14, 1905, of heart failure on a train just after leaving Jersey City, N.J., en route to Washington, D.C.; civil engineer; graduated West Point in 1835 and worked for several railroads in Pennsylvania; taught mathematics at Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, 1845-1847; with Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 1847-1856; contractor on the Troy and Greenfield Railroad Company in the first unsuccessful effort to build the Hoosac Tunnel in western Massachusetts, 1855-1862; directed railroad construction, repair and transportation for the Union Army in the eastern theatre with the rank of brigidier-general of volunteers, 1862-1863; chief engineer of Shenandoah Valley Railroad, 1870; general manager of Richmond and Danville Railroad system, 1872-1876; constructed first oil pipeline between the Allegheny Valley and tidewater, general manager of Northern Pacific Railroad, 1881-1884; president of General Compressed Air & Power Company, 1892-1905; of National Nutrient Company, 1899-1905)
    • found: Pennsylvania Railroad Company records, 1847-1968 : board minutes and papers (Herman Haupt; joined engineer corps, 1847; principal assistant engineer, 1848-1849; superintendent of transportation, 1849-1851; general superintendent, 1851-1852; chief engineer, 1853-1855; director, 1856; helped design the company's management structure and operating procedures; his refusal to take orders from president William C. Patterson alone in 1850-1852, provoked a struggle for control of the company and Patterson's ouster in 1852)
    • found: William D. Middleton, and others, editors, Encyclopedia of North American railroads, 2007 : p. 275 (Herman Haupt was the chief field operative of the United States Military Railroads, an organization established in January 1862 to provide support to the Union armies; an outstanding manager with a prickly personality, he clashed with many regular military officers; "Haupt achieved remarkable feats of rapid track repair and bridge replacement. His crews were also talented railroad wreckers ...")
  • General Notes

    • [Herman Haupt was an outstanding civil engineer, best remembered for helping to organize the Pennsylvania Railroad, making the first abortive attempt to build the Hoosac Tunnel in Massachusetts, and most importantly, organizing rail tansport for the Union armies facing General Lee during the Civil War. A brilliant organizer, his personality and restless intellect nonetheless kept him from being an "organization man" and finding a permanent place in the enterprises he worked for.]
  • Change Notes

    • 1980-09-15: new
    • 2013-06-09: revised
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