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Russia. Okhrannyi︠a︡ otdi︠e︡lenīi︠a︡


  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • Czarist Secret Police
    • Ochrana
    • Okhrana
    • Okhranka
    • Okhrannoe otdelenie (Russia)
    • Okhrannye otdelenii︠a︡ (Russia)
    • Okhrannyi︠a︡ otdi︠e︡lenīi︠a︡ (Russia)
    • OO
    • Political Police (Russia)
    • Russia. Czarist Secret Police
    • Russia. Departament polit︠s︡īi. Okhrannyi︠a︡ otdi︠e︡lenīi︠a︡
    • Russia. Okhrannoe otdelenie
    • Russia. Otdi︠e︡lenīe po okhranenīi︠u︡ obshchestvennoĭ bezopastnosti i pori︠a︡dka
    • Russia. Otdi︠e︡lʹnyĭ korpus zhandarmov. Okhrannyi︠a︡ otdi︠e︡lenīi︠a︡
    • Russia. Political Police
    • Russia. Rozysknyi︠a︡ otdi︠e︡lenīi︠a︡
    • Russia. Security Division
    • Russia. Security Divisions
    • Russia. Tsarist Secret Police
    • Russia. Охранныя отдѣленія
    • Russian Imperial Police
    • Tsarist Secret Police
  • Additional Information

    • Related Terms

    • Additional Related Forms

    • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

    • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

    • Earlier Established Forms

      • Russia. Okhrannye otdelenii︠a︡
    • Sources

      • found: Hoffmann-Harnisch, W. Terror und Ochrana. 1931 (subj.)
      • found: LC manual auth. cd.(hdg.: Russia. Okhrannye otdelenii︠a︡; usage: Okhrannyi︠a︡ otdi︠e︡lenīi︠a︡; Okhrana; Ochrana; previously named Rozysknyi︠a︡ otdi︠e︡lenīi︠a︡ [no publs. in LC data base], it was under the auspices of the Otdi︠e︡lʹnyĭ korpus zhandarmov. Renamed Feb. 19, 1903 as the Okhrannyi︠a︡ otdi︠e︡lenīi︠a︡, its activities were to be confined to the combat of political crimes)
      • found: Bolʹshai︠a︡ sov. ėnt︠s︡ikl., 3rd ed.:v. 19, p. 43 (Okhrannoe otdelenie; Okhranka; before 1903 known as Otdelenie po okhranenii︠u︡ obshchestvennoĭ bezopasnosti i pori︠a︡dka [no publs. in LC data base]; a local organ of political investigation in Tsarist Russia, subordinate to the Departament polit︠s︡īi; the first otdelenie was created in St. Petersburg in 1866; by 1914 there were 26, with the Moskovskoe otdelenie serving as the central coordinating body)
      • found: Pushkarev, S.G. Dictionary of Russian historical terms ... 1970:p. 78 (Okhrannoe otdelenie; okhranka (colloq.); in St. Petersburg, Moscow and other large cities, a special section for political police, established within the general police administration)
      • found: Smith, E.E. The Okhrana, 1967:p. 15, etc. (The term Okhrana often functions as an umbrella title, the various tsarist security-intelligence organs did not refer to themselves collectively as Okhrannye otdelenii︠a︡; this title apparently is of foggy and inexplicable revolutionary origin, though it seems relatively clear that Russian revolutionaries or journalists coined the term probably about 1881 or 1882)
      • found: The tsarist secret police in Russian society, 1880-1917, 1996:p. xiv (Tsarist political police were called Okhrana or Okhranka both by contemporaries as well as subsequent historians) p. xvi (Okhrannoe otdelenie (Security Division), OO; these political police bureaus were located in major cities and centres of revolutionary activity) folded leaf (Security Divisions (Okhrannye otdeleniia) [OOs]; located in St. Petersburg, Moscow, and Warsaw)
      • found: Gosudarstvennostʹ Rossii, 2001:v. 3, p. 283-284 (Okhrannoe otdelenie. 1866-1917. Local organs under the auspices of the Departament polit︠s︡ii Ministerstvo vnutrennikh del, and effecting political espionage in Tsarist Russia. With the circular of 9 May 1913 all Okhrannoe otdelenie were abolished withthe exception of the Peterburgskoe, Moskovskoe, and Varshavskoe, which were abolished by the decree of 10 May 1917)
      • found: Google, 05-16-02www.angelfire.com/dc/1spy/Okhrana (Okhrana--Czarist Secret Police in Russia. The chief reason for the existence of the Okhrana, the monarchist secret police in Russia, was to protect the Czar. (The word "Okhrana" means "guard.") In its protection of the Czar, his family, officials, and top military leaders, the Okhrana, in another form, had existed since the days of Ivan the Terrible in the sixteenth century. The latter-day [Moscow] Okhrana was officially organized in 1881 by Czar Alexander III)
      • found: The Tsarist Secret Police abroad, c2003.
      • found: www.cia.gov/csi/monograph/okhrana/5474-1(Okhrana--Russian Imperial Police)
      • found: Information from 678 converted Dec. 17, 2014(Abolished in 1917)
      • notfound: LC data base, 03-14-01: (hdg.: Russia. Osobyĭ otdel)
    • Editorial Notes

      • [Represents a collective term; for specific units search under individual names such as Moskovskoe okhrannoe otdelenie, Peterburgskoe okhrannoe otdelenie, Varshavskoe okhrannoe otdelenie, etc.]
      • [References to the Russian Secret Police, Czarist Secret Police, Okhrana, etc. can refer to both the Okhrannyi︠a︡ otdi︠e︡lenīi︠a︡ and the Departament polit︠s︡īi]
      • [Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project.]
      • [Non-Latin script reference not evaluated.]
      • [The following headings for earlier names are valid AACR 2 headings: Russia. Rozysknyi︠a︡ otdi︠e︡lenīi︠a︡; Russia. Otdi︠e︡lenīe po okhranenīi︠u︡ obshchestvennoĭ bezopasnosti i pori︠a︡dka]
    • Change Notes

      • 1981-01-19: new
      • 2014-12-18: revised
    • Alternate Formats