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Bergh, Henry, 1811-1888

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    • Birth Date

        (edtf) 1811-08-29
    • Death Date

        (edtf) 1888-03-12
    • Has Affiliation

        • Affiliation Start: 1863
        • Affiliation End: 1864
        • Organization: (naf) United States. Legation (Russia)
    • Has Affiliation

        • Affiliation Start: 1866
        • Affiliation End: 1888
        • Organization: (naf) American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
    • Birth Place

        (naf) New York (N.Y.)
    • Death Place

        (naf) New York (N.Y.)
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  • Sources

    • found: His An address, 1868.
    • found: NUCMC data from N.J. Hist. Soc. for Kinney family. Papers, 1783-1900(Henry Bergh)
    • found: DAB, 1928(Bergh, Henry (1811-1888), social reformer; s. Christian and Elizabeth (Overs) B.; attended Columbia; m. Catherine Matilda Taylor, 1836; sec. of U.S. legation, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1863-64; founder ASPCA, 1866; a founder Soc. for Prevention of Cruelty to Children)
    • found: Dictionary of Unitarian & Universalist Biography, via WWW, June 28, 2016(Henry Bergh; Henry Bergh (August 29, 1811-March 12, 1888) was the founder of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) and was instrumental in the founding of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children; Henry was born in New York City, the son of Elizabeth Ivers and Christian Bergh; he attended Columbia College in New York, but did not complete a degree; instead he traveled to Europe, 1831-1836, where he dabbled in the arts and attempted a career in writing; in 1836 he married Catherine Matilda Taylor; Henry and his brother, Christian Jr., took over the family business upon the retirement of their father; after his father's death in 1843, Henry cashed in his inheritance, became a man of privileged leisure, and moved with his wife to Europe, where he wrote several unsuccessful plays; in 1863 President Abraham Lincoln appointed him to the American Legation at the court of Czar Alexander II in Russia; while in Russia, Bergh witnessed commonplace abuse of animals; in 1865, en route back to the United States, Bergh stopped in London to consult with the Earl of Harrowby, president of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals; Bergh used his wealth and prestige to raise public awareness of the suffering of animals and to enlist support from powerful New York businessmen, politicians, and religious leaders in the founding of the ASPCA; he was president of the ASPCA from 1866 until his death; in 1875, in New York City, he co-founded the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children; he is buried in Green Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York)
    • found:, June 28,. 2016(Henry Bergh; born August 29, 1811 in New York, New York; died March 12, 1888 in New York, New York)
  • Change Notes

    • 1981-10-21: new
    • 2016-07-02: revised
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