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Mukhtār, ʻUmar, 1860?-1931

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  • Variants

    • ʻUmar al-Mukhtār, 1860?-1931
    • Mukhtar, Omar, 1860?-1931
    • Omar al-Mukhtar, 1860?-1931
    • Omar el-Muktar, 1860?-1931
    • Muktar, Omar, 1860?-1931
    • Omar el Muchtar, 1860?-1931
    • Muchtar, Omar, 1860?-1931
    • Omar el Muctar, 1860?-1931
    • Muctar, Omar, 1860?-1931
    • مختار، عمر
    • مختار، عمر، 1860؟-1931
  • Additional Information

    • Birth Date

        (edtf) 1860?
    • Birth Date

        1861Dictionary of African Biography
    • Death Date

    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: Qurʼanic school of Shaykh 'Abd al-Qadir Budiya
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  • Sources

    • found: Shalabī, M. ʻUmar al-Mukhtār, 1958.
    • found: Omar al-Mukhtar e la riconquista fascista della Libia, c1981:t.p. (Omar al-Mukhtar) p. 6, etc. (Omar el Muchtar; Omar el Muctar; Omar el-Muktar)
    • found: Dictionary of African Biography, accessed March 11, 2015, via Oxford African American Studies Center database:(Mukhtar, Omar al-; foreign military officer, political activist; born 1861 in Janzour, Libya; study at the kuttab (Qurʼanic school) of Shaykh 'Abd al-Qadir Budiya, one of the greatest thinkers of al-Tariqa al-Sanusiyya, the extremely popular Libyan Sufi order; studied for eight years under some of the most prominent figures in the Sanusi Tariqa; head of the Sanusi branch in the Jabal al-Akhdar region; transferred to Chad (1892); returned to Burqa, Libya (1896); was appointed Shaykh of the al-Qusur region on behalf of the Tariqa; joined the forces fighting against the Italian invasion of Libya in the Italian-Ottoman war (1911); was senior aide of Ahmad al-Sharif, military commander of the al-Sanusiyya forces; established a central military headquarters in the town of Ajdabiyah (1923); put an end to all talks and dialogue with the Italians and resumed the armed resistance; the Italians took him prisoner (1931); was transferred to the city of Benghazi and was executed by hanging in the city's main square; one of the most important symbols in the Arab world, in Africa, and in the Muslim world in general; died 16 September 1931 in Benghazi, Libya)
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    • [Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project.]
    • [Non-Latin script references not evaluated.]
  • Change Notes

    • 1982-02-08: new
    • 2015-06-13: revised
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