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Maria II, Queen of Portugal, 1819-1853

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  • Variants

    • Maria da Glória, Queen of Portugal, 1819-1853
    • Maria da Glória Joanna Carlota Leopoldina da Cruz Francisca Xavier de Paula Isidora Michaela Gabriella Raphaela Gonzaga, Queen of Portugal, 1819-1853
    • Maria II di Braganza, Queen of Portugal, 1819-1853
    • Maria de la Gloria, Queen of Portugal, 1819-1853
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    • Sources

      • found: Setubal, P. As maluquices do imperador, 1928.
      • found: Encyc. of world history, 1952:p. 648-649 (King John VI d. Mar. 10, 1826; son Peter, who was emperor of Brasil, succeeded as Peter IV, King of Portugal, but soon ceded the Portuguese throne to his daugher Maria da Gloria (Maria II, reigned 1826-1853), with Peter's brother Miguel as regent; Miguel proclaimed himself king following a coup d'état in May 1828; "Miguelite Wars," 1828-1834; Maria restored to the throne, Sept., 1833; "final defeat of Miguel," May 26, 1834)
      • found: Portuguese and English Wikipedia WWW sites, Dec. 5, 2007:(Dona Maria II, b. Rio de Janeiro, Apr. 4, 1819, d. Lisbon, Nov. 15, 1853; baptized Maria da Glória Joana Carlota Leopoldina da Cruz Francisca Xavier de Paula Isidora Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Luísa Gonzaga de Bragança e Áustria; daughter of King Pedro IV (Pedro I as Emperor of Brazil) and Empress Leopoldina of Hapsburg; on death of Pedro's father João VI his daugher Isabel Maria de Bragança was named regent until "the legitimate heir returned to the kingdom"; Pedro remained in Brazil and abdicated in favor of his daughter, with Pedro's brother Miguel de Bragança to be regent, in May, 1826; Miguel proclaimed himself king as Miguel I, July 11, 1828; Maria resumed reign on May 26, 1834)
      • found: Britannica Online, Dec. 6, 2007(Maria II, in full Maria Da Glória, Queen of Portugal (1834-1853); "daughter of Peter I of Brazil, IV of Portugal, who, on inheriting both countries from his father, entered a conditional abdication of Portugal in her favour (1826). His plan was that she should marry his younger brother Michael, who would accept and apply Peter's constitution, the Charter. But Michael seized power, declaring himself king; and only upon abdicating the Brazilian empire (1831) was Peter able to proceed to Europe, occupy the island of Terceira in the Azores, and launch an expedition to conquer the mainland in Maria's name. He seized Porto (Oporto) and took Lisbon in 1834, when Michael went into exile. Peter died (September 1834), and Maria was declared of age at 14")
    • Change Notes

      • 1982-03-10: new
      • 2009-01-16: revised
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