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Peter Pascual, Saint, -1300

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  • Variants

    • Pedro Pascual, Saint, -1300
    • Pedro Pasqual, Saint, -1300
    • Pedro Pascoal, Saint, -1300
    • Pere Pasqual, Saint, -1300
    • Pedro Nicolás Pascual, Saint, -1300
    • Peter Paschasius, Saint, -1300
    • Petrus Paschasius, Saint, -1300
    • Pierre Pascual, Saint, -1300
    • Pascual, Peter, Saint, -1300
    • Pascual, Pedro, Saint, -1300
    • Pascoal, Pedro, Saint, -1300
    • Pasqual, Pedro, Saint, -1300
    • Paschasius, Peter, Saint, -1300
    • Pedro, bishop of Jaén, -1300
    • Pseudo Pedro Pascual
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  • Earlier Established Forms

    • Peter Pascual, Saint, d. 1300
    • Petrus Paschasius, Saint, Bp., d. 1300
  • Sources

    • found: Virgeu de consolaçon, 1959, via Google Books, May 11, 2017:title page ("edição crìtica de un texto arcaico inédito"; [edited by] Albino de Bem Veiga) page x (codex in the Escorial containing a Castilian text, the "Vergel de grand consolacion," erroneously attributed by some bibliographers to S. Pedro Pascoal (died c. 1300))
    • found: Una molt bella obra compilada per lo molt reverent bisbe de la ciutat de Jahen ... [MI] 1492:incipit (Pere Pasqual)
    • found: Núñez, Roque. Diario celebre, solemne novenario, pompa festiva, aclamacion gloriosa, 1673:title page (... el culto immemorial del siempre inclito prothomartyr, de la redemptora familia, chanciller mayor de Castilla, obispo de Iaen, y Baeza, governador de Toledo, titular de Granada, S. Pedro Pasqual de Valencia) preliminary leaf 2 (... sanctissimi P.N. Petri Paschasii episcopi, & martyris)
    • found: Sobre la se[c]ta mahometana, 2011:title page ([author:] Pseudo Pedro Pascual ; edición y estudio de Fernando González Muñoz) back cover (the tract Sobre la se[c]ta mahometana is traditionally attributed to Pedro, bishop of Jaén from 1296-1300, but was probably composed by an anonymous author in the second half of the 14th century) page 54 (in prologue to Sobre la seta mahometana, the author declares himself to be Pedro, bishop of Jaén, presently captive in Granada) pages 55-60 (it is documented that from 1296-1300, the bishop of Jaén was named Pedro; died in captivity in Granada, December 6, 1300; probably of the secular clergy and had been head of the secular abbey of San Miguel de Transmuros in the diocese of Braga; perhaps a Petrus Garsie mentioned in a document of 1290) pages 63-64 (chapter heading: "La invención de Pedro Pascual, mercederio valenciano"; summary of the "canonical biography" dating from the mid-17th century during the process of canonization of Saint Pedro Pascual: according to this, the Pedro documented as bishop of Jaén was named Pedro Nicolás Pascual, born in Valencia approximately 1225, studied in Paris and Valencia, appointed a canon of the Cathedral of Valencia, entered the Mercedarian Order in 1250, founded the Mercedarian convents of Toledo, Jaén, Úbeda and Jerez de la Frontera; became Bishop of Jaén under Pope Boniface VIII, imprisoned by the Moors in Granada in 1598, while in prison composed works in Spanish and Catalan including Sobre la seta mahometana, and was executed December 6, 1300; the editor states that most of the assertions in this traditional biography have been questioned, especially since the publication in 1892 of bulls of Boniface VIII concerning Bishop Pedro of Jaén)
    • found: Colbert, E.P. "Peter Pascual, St.," in New Catholic encyclopedia,v. 11, page 205 (bishop and martyr; born Valencia, 1227; died December 6, 1300; of noble birth, became a doctor of theology in Paris, taught in Barcelona and administered the diocese of Toledo; consecrated bishop of Jaén in 1296; captured by the Moors in 1298 and died in prison; cult approved in 1673; wrote several religious works in Catalan and Castilian)
    • found: Devesa, Juan. "Pierre Pascual (Saint)," in Dictionnaire de spiritualité ascétique et mystique, v. 12, 1984:columns 1634-1639 (Pierre Pascual (Saint), Mercedarian, bishop, 1227-1300; born in Valencia towards the end of 1227; canon of the Cathedral of Valencia, afterwards doctor of theology at the university of Paris; entered the Mercedarian Order in 1250 in the convent of Valencia; preached for the Christian captives at Barcelona, Valencia, Saragossa and Toledo; founded several Mercedarian convents, notably that of Toledo, in 1262; in 1294, took possession of the parish of San Miguel de Trasmiras; on February 13, 1296, appointed bishop of Jaén; while visiting his diocese in 1297, he fell into the hands of the moors of Granada and remained a captive in that city until December 6, 1300, the date of his martyrdom; lists works, including "El obispo de Jaén sobre la seta mahometana")
    • found: Order of the Blessed Virgin of Mercy website, May 11, 2017(Saint Peter Paschasius; born in Valencia in 1227; completed his studies at the University of Paris; canon of the cathedral church of Valencia; left his post to join the Order of Mercy and received the habit in 1250; traveled to Rome in 1296 and appointed bishop of Jaén by Boniface VIII; taken captive to Granada by the Moors; wrote several works while in prison; executed on December 6, 1300) -
    • found: Devesa Blanco, Juan (OdeM). "Pedro Pascual, San," in Diccionario biográfico español, 2009-2013:v. 40, pages 457-460 (Pedro Pascual, San, born Valencia, approximately 1227, died Granada, 6 December 1300, Mercedarian (OdeM), theologian, author, bishop, martyr and saint; biographical data as in sources above, including "canonical biography" summarized by González Muñoz in his edition of Sobre la se[c]ta mahometana; lists works, including "El obispo de Jaén sobre la seta mahometana")
    • found: Wikipedia, May 11, 2017("Blessed or Saint Peter Pascual (died 1299 [sic]), in Latin originally Petrus Paschasius (Spanish: Pedro Pascual, Catalan: Pere Pasqual), was a Mozarabic theologian, bishop, and martyr ... The authenticity of many works attributed to him is suspect, and it is possible that there were two writers of the same name")
    • found: Catalan Wikipedia, May 11, 2017(Sant Pere Pasqual; a Mercedarian saint, canonized in 1670; born 1227, Valencia, died January [sic] 6, 1300, Granada; today, there are serious doubts about his historical authenticity, as tradition has combined in his figure elements of at least three different persons: a Mercedarian called Pere Pasqual, a martyred bishop of Jaén, and a hypothetical Peter of Valencia who founded a convent in Toledo)
  • Change Notes

    • 1982-03-18: new
    • 2017-05-12: revised
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