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Evreĭskai︠a︡ avtonomnai︠a︡ oblastʹ (Russia)

  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • Jewish Autonomous Region (Russia)
    • Yevreyskaya avtonomnaya oblastʹ (Russia)
    • Birobidzhan (Russia : Oblast)
    • Jewish Autonomous Oblast (Russia)
    • EAO
    • JAR
    • Yidishe avtonome gegnt (Russia)
  • Additional Information

    • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

    • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

    • Earlier Established Forms

      • Evreĭskai︠a︡ avtonomnai︠a︡ oblastʹ (R.S.F.S.R.)
      • Yevreyskaya avtonomnaya oblastʹ, Russia
    • Sources

      • found: Evreĭskai︠a︡ avtonomnai︠a︡ oblastʹ, 1959.
      • found: Col.-Lipp. gaz.(Jewish Autonomous Oblast; popularly called Birobidzhan; capital: Birobidzhan; formed 1934)
      • found: GEOnet, Sept. 9, 1999(Yevreyskaya avtonomnaya oblastʹ--ADM1, 48°30ʹN 132°00ʹE)
      • found: Evrei v Rossii i EAO, 1998:t.p. (EAO) verso t.p. (Evreĭskoĭ avtonomnoĭ oblasti)
      • found: Russian cities on the web(Birobidzhan: founded 1928(Jewish National District) 1937(Jewish Autonomous Region) 1991 (Jewish Autonomous Republic); Thousands of miles east of European Russia,the Jewish Autonomous Region was founded in 1934 as a "homeland" for Soviet Jews. Given the objectives of the Soviet government at the time, this distant outpost seemed a perfect location. Early attempts by the government to relocate the Jews to the Crimea and Ukraine had ended with a severe local backlash. Influenced by an effective propoganda campaign, and starvation in the east, 41,000 Soviet Jews relocated to the area between the late 1920s and early 1930s. But, by 1938 28,000 of them had fled the regions harsh conditions. Most of the Jewish population has left for Israel, Europe or the US, and by some estimates only 3,000 Jews remain in Birobidzhan)
      • found: Google, 10-26-00(In 1928 under the influence of the Committee and Society for settlement of Jews, the Soviet Government issued declaration to perform vast area near the Amur river for Jewish settlers. In 1930 Birobidzhan district was set up, and four years later in May 1934 it was reorganized into the Jewish Autonomous Region. In this way in the Russian Far East the first Jewish national state formation was organized. Nowadays, the Jewish Autonomous Region is a constitutional subject of Russian Federation and has legal rights to govern the property in the territory of the Region. The Region has 5 districts, 2 cities, 12 towns and 47 villages. The region covers 36.3 square kilometers area. Birobidzhan is the administrative, economic and cultural center of the JAR with the population - more than 84 thousand people. The distance from Birobidzhan to Moscow - 8361 km.)
      • found: Evreĭskai︠a︡ avtonomnai︠a︡ oblastʹ, 1994:t.p. (Evreĭskai︠a︡ avtonomnai︠a︡ oblastʹ; Jewish Autonomous Region) p. 4 (EAO; JAR) p. 4 of cover (Yidishe avtonome gegnt)
    • Change Notes

      • 1983-09-27: new
      • 2010-05-16: revised
    • Alternate Formats