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From Library of Congress Name Authority File

Cole, Henry, 1808-1882

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  • Variants

    • Cole, H. (Henry), 1808-1882
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  • Earlier Established Forms

    • Cole, Henry, Sir, 1808-1882
  • Sources

    • found: Dürer, A. The Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ, 1870:t.p. (Henry Cole, C.B., secretary of the Science and Art Dept. of the Committee of Council on Education, and director of the South Kensington Museum)
    • found: LC data base, 11/15/83(hdg.: Cole, Henry, Sir, 1808-1882)
    • found: BLC(Cole (Sir Henry) K.C.B.)
    • found: LC data base, 2/12/86(hdg.: Cole, Henry, Sir, 1808-1882; usages: Felix Summerly; F. Summerly [i.e. Sir H. Cole]; Felix Summerly, esq. [pseud.])
    • found: nuc85-77727: The Traditional faëry tales of ... 1981(hdg. on IaU rept.: Cole, Henry, Sir, 1808-1882; usage: Felix Summerly)
    • found: Railway eccentrics, 1846:t.p. (by Vigil)
    • found: BL database, viewed 19 July 2017:(hdg.: Cole, Henry, Sir, 1808-1882; usage: Vigil [i.e. Sir H. Cole])
    • found: Dictionary of literary pseudonyms in the English language, 1999:PDF p. 223, viewed 19 July 2017 (Vigil, Sir Henry Cole)
    • found: BL database, viewed 19 July 2017:(hdgs.: COLE, Henry, Sir, K.C.B.; RAILWAY TRAVELLER; usage: Sir H. Cole)
    • found: A railway traveller's reasons for adopting uniformity of gauge, addressed to I. K. Brunel, Esq, [1845]:p. 24 (A railway traveller)
    • found: Dürer, Albrecht. The Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ, 1844:title page (Henry Cole, an assistant keeper of the Public Records)
    • found: Wikipedia, Feb. 29, 2016(article title: Henry Cole; Sir Henry Cole (15 July 1808-18 April 1882), English civil servant and inventor; played a key role in the introduction of the Penny Post, and is sometimes credited with the design of the world's first postage stamp, the Penny Black; in 1843, introduced the world's first commercial Christmas card; under the pseudonym Felix Summerly, he designed a number of items including a teapot, and wrote a series of children's books; instrumental in the development of the Victoria and Albert Museum, which had begun as the Museum of Ornamental Art; oversaw its move to its current site, and became first director of what was initially called South Kensington Museum (1857 to 1873); knighted in 1875)
    • found: ULAN, Union List of Artist Names, Getty Research Institute, Feb. 29, 2016(Cole, Henry (English administrator, designer, and museum director, 1808-1882))
    • found: Ann Cooper, "Cole, Sir Henry (1808-1882)," Oxford dictionary of national biography, 2004; online edition, Jan. 2008, retrieved Feb. 29, 2015
    • found: Oxford dictionary of national biography, 2004; online edition, Jan. 2008, retrieved Feb. 29, 2015:(Cole, Sir Henry (1808-1882), civil servant; born in Bath on 15 July 1808, died Kensington, London, on 18 April 1882; in1823, hired as a clerk at the Record Commission; after a campaign to reform the Commission, made an assistant keeper at the re-formed Record Office in 1838; worked for reform of the Post Office; commissioned and published the first Christmas card (1843); as a journalist, contributed to the Railway chronicle and campaigned for railway improvements; member of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, 1845, and helped to organize the Great Exhibition in 1851, acting as promoter, publicist, and administrator; after the Great Exhibition closed, invited to be secretary of a new government department to control the schools, the Department of Practical Art, and after his retirement set up the National Training School for Music and the National Training School for Cookery; in 1856, Cole's department moved to a site in South Kensington, London,
    • found: Oxford dictionary of national biography, 2004; online edition, Jan. 2008, retrieved Feb. 29, 2015:purchased with the profits of the Great Exhibition; the first building on the site housed the museum collections of the Central School of Design together with the collection of exhibits from the Great Exhibition which had been purchased by the Treasury at Cole's suggestion and loaned to the schools; by the time of Cole's retirement in 1873, the site housed the South Kensington Museum (later to divide into the Victoria and Albert and Science museums), the various schools of the department now called the Department of Science and Art, the Albert Hall, and the gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society; Cole promoted public exhibitions in order to justify the erection of buildings, notably that for the second Great Exhibition in 1862; between 1876 and 1879 Cole lived in Birmingham and Manchester,
    • found: Oxford dictionary of national biography, 2004; online edition, Jan. 2008, retrieved Feb. 29, 2015:and was involved with a company set up to promote a process for treating sewage; the company failed and Cole returned to London; created CB at the end of the Great Exhibition and knighted in 1875)
  • Change Notes

    • 1983-11-28: new
    • 2017-07-26: revised
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