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From Library of Congress Name Authority File


us: Mubārak, Muḥammad Ḥusnī, 1928-


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  • Variants

    • us: Moubarak, Hosni, 1928-
    • us: Mubārak, Ḥusnī, 1928-
    • us: Mubarak, Mohamed Hosni, 1928-
    • us: Mubarak, Hosni, 1928-
    • us: مبارك، محمد حسني
    • us: مبارك، محمد حسني، 1928-
    • us: محمد حسنى مبارك، ١٩٢٨-
    • us: محمد حسني مبارك
  • Additional Information

    • Birth Date

        (edtf) 1928-05-04
    • Birth Place

        Al-Musalha (Egypt)
    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: Egyptian Air Force Academy
    • Gender

        male
    • Associated Language

    • Associated Locale

    • Occupation

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  • Sources

    • found: al-Masīrah mustamirrah-- wa-Miṣr bāqiyah, 1981: cover (al-Raʼīs Muḥammad Ḥusnī Mubārak) p. 8 (2nd group) (Ḥusnī Mubārak; b. 5/4/28)
    • found: His Speeches and interviews of President Mohamed Hosni Mubarak, 1982?: t.p. (Pres. Mohamed Hosni Mubarak; Arab Republic of Egypt)
    • found: Moubarak, 1982? t.p. (Moubarak) p. 5 (Hosni Moubarak, Président de la République arabe d'Egypte)
    • found: Soleciki, J. Hosni Mubarak, c1990.
    • found: Dictionary of African Biography, accessed March 8, 2015, via Oxford African American Studies Center database: (Mubarak, Muhammad Husni Sa'id; president; born 1928 in al-Musalha, Egypt; graduated from the Egyptian Air Force Academy (1950); became commander of the Air Force (1971); played a key role in Egypt's secret preparations for the October War against Israel (1973); president Anwar al-Sadat named Mubarak his deputy (1975); became president of Egypt (1981); the longest-serving ruler since Muhammad 'Ali; alliance with the United States reached its peak when he sent some 30,000 Egyptian soldiers to participate in the Allies campaign against Iraq's occupation of Kuwait (1990); safeguarded his country's peace treaty with Israel against internal opposition; curbed the jihadi-Islamist challenges to his reign; accelerated the pace of economic reforms (since 1991); won Egypt's first pluralistic presidential elections (2005); massive street demonstrations across Egypt, inspired by similar events in Tunisia and joined by a wide spectrum of Egyptian opposition forces protested the corruption and incompetence of his regime and his plans for his son, Jamal to inherit his role (2011); was forced to declare that he would not seek reelection, would withdraw his ambitions for his son, and would appoint the head of Egypt's intelligence services, 'Omar Suliman, his deputy; the end of his reign was in February 2011; was arrested on alleged suspicions that he ordered the shooting of protesters and was involved in financial corruption (April 2011))
  • Editorial Notes

    • [Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project.]
    • [Non-Latin script references not evaluated.]
  • Change Notes

    • 1983-07-29: new
    • 2015-08-28: revised
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