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us: Caius, John, 1510-1573



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    • us: Caius, Iohannes, 1510-1573
    • us: Kaye, John, 1510-1573
    • us: Keye, John, 1510-1573
    • us: Key, John, 1510-1573
    • us: Cay, John, 1510-1573
    • us: Kees, John, 1510-1573
    • us: Keys, John, 1510-1573
    • us: Kay, John, 1510-1573
    • us: Kays, John, 1510-1573
    • us: Caius, Ioannes, 1510-1573
    • us: Caius, Johannes, 1510-1573
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    • found: LCCN 12-18544: His The works of John Caius, 1912 (hdg.: Caius, John, 1510-1573)
    • found: LC data base, 11-12-84 (hdg.: Caius, John, 1510-1573; usage: Iohannes Caius)
    • found: Allibone (Caius, Kaye, Keye, Key or Cay, John 1510-1573)
    • found: Dic. sci. bio. (Caius, John)
    • found: Enc. brit. 15th ed. (Caius (variously Kees, Keys, Kay and Kaye) John)
    • found: Ioannis Caii Britanni De canibus Britannicis, anno. 1570
    • found: Oxford DNB online, 13 August 2014 (Caius, John (1510-1573), scholar and physician; born at Norwich on 6 October 1510; the English form of his name is variously given in archival records but was probably Keys or Kees; entered Gonville Hall, Cambridge, on 12 September 1529, a student of theology; translated one of the works of Erasmus into English and epitomized another; studied Hebrew and translated some patristic Greek texts into Latin; of Caius's early theological writings nothing is known save what he himself reports; in 1539, left Cambridge for Italy; studied medicine in Padua; graduated on 13 May 1541; in 1544, published at Basel an edition of seven Galenic texts, Libri aliquot Graeci, some for the first time in Greek; returned to England; left Cambridge in September 1545, became London physician, mainly to the court and city; In 1547 was elected fellow of the College of Physicians of London, serving as a member of its council from 1551 until his death; was elected president of the College of Physicians 1555-1560, 1562, 1563, and 1571; generous donations to the College of Physicians; in 1557 he set in train plans for the massive enlargement of Gonville Hall, Cambridge, in personnel as well as in buildings; on 4 September 1557, a royal charter converted Gonville Hall into its refoundation as Gonville and Caius College; on 24 January 1559, Caius was elected master of his college; retired in 1572, brief return in June 1573; died in his house in London 29 July 1573; left his extensive library and almost all his property to his college; at the end of his life, Caius turned to more antiquarian pursuits (including De antiquitate Cantabrigiensis Academiae (1568), Historia Cantabrigiensis Academiae (1574), and De pronunciatione Graecae et Latinae linguae (1574)) and natural history (De canibus (1570), along with its accompanying book De rariorum animalium et stirpium historia); up-to-date and scholarly naturalist, familiar both with texts and with practical observation)
    • found: Wikipedia, 13 August 2014 (John Caius MD (born John Kays; 6 October 1510-29 July 1573), also known as Johannes Caius; English physician and second founder of the present Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge; upon his return to England from Padua, he Latinised his surname; was a physician in London in 1547 and was admitted as a fellow of the College of Physicians, of which he was for many years president; physician to Edward VI, Queen Mary, and Queen Elizabeth [I]; in 1557, enlarged the foundation of his old college, changed the name from "Gonville Hall" to "Gonville and Caius College," and endowed it with several considerable estates; an important pioneer in advancing the science of anatomy; was also a pioneer naturalist; he wrote a study of British dogs; his last literary production was the History of Cambridge University, Historia Cantabrigiensis Academiae (London, 1574))
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    • 1984-12-05: new
    • 2014-08-20: revised
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