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From Library of Congress Name Authority File


Colfax (Wash.)


  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • City of Colfax (Wash.)
    • Hnch'laqhemn (Wash.)
  • Additional Information

  • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Earlier Established Forms

  • Sources

    • found: Washington (State). Dept. of Highways. Planning Division. City map, Colfax, Whitman County, 1975.
    • found: LC data base, 7-3-85(hdg.: Colfax, Wash.)
    • found: GeoNames, algorithmically matched, 2009(ppl; 46°52ʹ49ʺN 117°21ʹ52ʺW)
    • found: GNIS, July 3, 2019(Colfax, populated place, variants: Belleville, Hnch'laqhemn; native variant name is translated as "Canyon"; current name adopted in 1872; county seat, Whitman County, Washington; also lists City of Colfax, civil, Whitman County; also lists Belleville, locale, Skagit County)
    • found: Washington place names, via WWW, July 3, 2019(Colfax is a community in the Palouse Valley on the Palouse River northwest of Pullman in Whitman County. It is the county seat. It was a cattle raising center until the late 1880s when large scale wheat production was introduced. In 1870, the first settlement was established by J.A. Perkins under the name Belleville. In 1872, when the town was platted, the name was changed to honor Schuyler Colfax, vice-president of the Unites States when U.S. Grant was president. It was incorporated November 29, 1881)
    • found: Wikipedia, July 3, 2019(Colfax, Washington; county seat of Whitman County, Washington; white settlers arrived in the summer of 1870, and soon built a sawmill. A flour mill and other businesses followed, and Colfax soon grew into a prosperous town. Originally, pioneer citizen James Perkins called the settlement "Belleville" in honor of his girlfriend; when he found a new love, he changed the town's name to Colfax for then-Vice President Schuyler Colfax; officially incorporated on November 29, 1873; 46°53ʹ3ʺN 117°21ʹ49ʺW (46.884033, -117.363668))
    • found: Becker, Paula. Colfax--thumbnail history, via HistoryLink.org website, July 3, 2019(Colfax, located on the Palouse River in Southeastern Washington, is the seat of Whitman County; James Perkins (1843-1920) and Thomas Smith were the first non-Native settlers to the area that would become Colfax, claiming the land at the confluence of the north and south branches of the Palouse River on July 10, 1870. The site Perkins and Smith chose was ideal for this venture -- heavily forested and adjacent to the rushing Palouse river. Smith soon moved on, but Perkins built a cabin there, initially calling his tiny settlement Belleville, but then shifting the name to Colfax; Washington's territorial legislature established Whitman County on January 29, 1871. Colfax was incorporated on January 14, 1879. The town was reincorporated under state law on April 6, 1891) - https://www.historylink.org/File/9580
  • Change Notes

    • 1985-07-11: new
    • 2019-07-04: revised
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