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From Library of Congress Name Authority File

us: Giddings, Joshua R. (Joshua Reed), 1795-1864

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  • Fuller Name

    • Joshua Reed
  • Variants

    • us: Giddings, J. R. (Joshua Reed), 1795-1864
    • us: Giddings, Mr. (Joshua Reed), 1795-1864
    • us: Pacificus, 1795-1864
    • us: Whig of Ohio, 1795-1864
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  • Sources

    • found: nuc87-116600: His Speeches in Congress [MI] 1853 (hdg. on TxCM rept.: Giddings, Joshua Reed, 1795-1864; usage: Joshua R. Giddings)
    • found: His A letter from Hon. J.R. Giddings, 1844.
    • found: Pacificus, the rights and privileges of the several states in regard to slavery, 1842: p. 1 (a Whig of Ohio)
    • found: Biog. dir. of the U.S. Congress, viewed online, Sept. 2, 2015 (GIDDINGS, Joshua Reed, a Representative from Ohio; born in Tioga Point (later Athens), Bradford County, Pa., Oct. 6, 1795; moved with his parents to Canandaigua, N.Y., in 1795; received a common-school education; again moved with his parents to Ashtabula County, Ohio, in 1806; completed preparatory studies; served in the War of 1812; taught school; studied law; was admitted to the bar in Feb. 1821 and commenced practice in Jefferson, Ohio; member of the State house of representatives in 1826; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-fifth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Elisha Whittlesey; reelected to the Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh Congresses and served from Dec. 3, 1838, until Mar. 22, 1842, when he resigned, after a vote of censure had been passed upon him by the House in response to his motion in defense of the slave mutineers in the Creole case; subsequently elected to the Twenty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation; reelected as a Whig to the Twenty-eighth through Thirtieth Congresses, as a Free-Soil candidate to the Thirty-first through Thirty-third Congresses, elected as an Opposition Party candidate to the Thirty-fourth Congress, and reelected as a Republican to the Thirty-fifth Congress; and served from Dec. 5, 1842, until Mar. 3, 1859; chairman, Committee on Claims (Twenty-seventh and Thirty-fourth Congresses); declined to be a candidate for reelection; appointed consul general to the British North American Provinces by President Lincoln on Mar. 25, 1861, and served until his death; died in Montreal, Canada, May 27, 1864; interment in Oakdale Cemetery, Jefferson, Ohio)
    • found: MoSU-L/NLT files (usage: Mr. Giddings, of Ohio)
    • found: Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass, accessed January 30, 2015, via Oxford African American Studies Center database: (Giddings, Joshua R.; US representative, abolitionist; born 06 October 1795 in Tioga Point, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, United States; studied law under Elisha Whittlesey, passing the bar exam (1821); elected to Congress, becoming a leading figure in regional Whig politics with agenda of opposing slavery, protecting northern rights, and federally funding internal improvements (1838); became involved in the Pearl incident, gaining reputation in Washington as a fearless advocate of slaves' rights to freedom; supported the creation of the Free-Soil Party and later, of the Republican Party (1848, 1855); died 27 May 1864 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada)
  • Change Notes

    • 1987-11-06: new
    • 2016-07-12: revised
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