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Malan, D. F. (Daniel François), 1874-1959

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  • Variants

    • Malan, Daniel François, 1874-1959
  • Additional Information

    • Birth Date

        (edtf) 1874-05-22
    • Death Date

        (edtf) 1959-02-07
    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: (naf) National Party (South Africa)
    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: (naf) Victoria College of Stellenbosch
    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: (naf) Universiteit Utrecht
    • Death Place

        (naf) Stellenbosch (South Africa)
    • Associated Locale

        (naf) South Africa
    • Associated Locale

        (naf) Netherlands
    • Gender

    • Associated Language

    • Occupation

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  • Earlier Established Forms

    • Malan, Daniel François, 1874-1959
  • Sources

    • found: Thom, H.B. Dr. D.F. Malan en koalisie, 1988.
    • found: LC data base, 1-11-89(hdg.: Malan, Daniel François, 1874-1959; usage: D.F. Malan)
    • found: Encyclopaedia Britanica (online), February 21, 2020(Daniel F. Malan; Daniel François Malan; born May 22, 1874 near Riebeeck West, Cape Colony (now in Western Cape); died February 7, 1959, Stellenbosch; statesman and politician who formed South Africa's first exclusively Afrikaner government and instituted the policy of apartheid; educated at Victoria College, Stellenbosch, and at University of Utrecht, Netherlands (doctorate in divinity 1905); entered ministry of the Dutch Reformed Church in the Cape; left the pulpit in 1915 to edit Die Burger, a Cape Town newspaper that supported the National Party, founded the previous year; entered Parliament in 1918; as minister of the interior (from 1924) he instituted laws establishing a South African nationality and flag and recognizing Afrikaans as an official language of the Union, replacing Dutch; with the National Party merged with the South African Party in 1934, Malan left the government and founded the Purified National Party; in 1948 the Re-united National Party, in alliance with the smaller Afrikaner Party, appealed to Afrikaner and British racial sentiments and won a narrow majority in the House of Assembly, enabling Malan, as Prime Minister, to form the first exclusively Afrikaner government of South Africa; from then until his retirement in late 1954 his administration was preoccupied with establishing absolute apartheid, with white (particularly Afrikaner) rule for all time; the government's attempt to remove Coloured (mixed race) people from the common voting rolls of Cape Province in 1951 was declared invalid by the courts in 1952; his successors continued to implement the apartheid policies begun in Malan's administration)
  • Change Notes

    • 1989-01-25: new
    • 2020-02-23: revised
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