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From Library of Congress Name Authority File

us: Manhattan Project (U.S.)

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    • us: United States. Manhattan Project
    • us: United States. Army. Manhattan Project
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    • us: United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. Manhattan District
  • Sources

    • found: Manhattan, 1985: p. 88 (Manhattan Project, the term that by mid-1943 most accurately described the Army's overall administration for the atomic bomb program) chart 1 (organiz. of the Manhattan Project, Apr. 1943) chart 2 (organiz. of the Manhattan District, Aug. 1943)
    • found: Manhattan Project, c1967: t.p. (Manhattan Project) p. 9 (Manhattan District was the name given the unit within the Army Corps of Engineers; the Manhattan Project covered not only the District but also the scientific, strategic, and governmental aspects involved in the building and eventual delivery of the bomb)
    • found: Britannica Online Encyclopedia, Jan. 15, 2014 (Manhattan Project; U.S. government research project (1942-45) that produced the first atomic bombs. American scientists, many of them refugees from fascist regimes in Europe, took steps in 1939 to organize a project to exploit the newly recognized fission process for military purposes. The first contact with the government was made by G.B. Pegram of Columbia University, who arranged a conference between Enrico Fermi and the Navy Department in March 1939. In the summer of 1939, Albert Einstein was persuaded by his fellow scientists to use his influence and present the military potential of an uncontrolled fission chain reaction to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. On December 6, 1941, the project was put under the direction of the Office of Scientific Research and Development. In June 1942 the Corps of Engineers' Manhattan District was assigned management of the construction work. "Manhattan Project" became the code name for research work that would extend across the country)
  • Change Notes

    • 1988-04-01: new
    • 2014-01-16: revised
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