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From Library of Congress Name Authority File


Toledo Manrique, Alejandro


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  • Fuller Name

    • Alejandro Celestino
  • Variants

    • us: Toledo, Alejandro, 1946-
    • us: Toledo M., Alejandro (Toledo Manrique)
    • us: Cholo
  • Additional Information

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  • Sources

    • found: His Perú y América Latina en crisis, c1990: t.p. (Alejandro Toledo Manrique) cover (Alejandro Toledo) p. 14 (Alejandro Toledo M.)
    • found: CIDOB site on WWW, Feb. 14, 2003 (Alejandro Toledo Manrique; full name, Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique; b. Mar. 28, 1946 in Cabana, Ancash, Peru; economist; elected president of Peru in 2001)
    • found: Encyclopedia Britannica website, June 28, 2017: (Alejandro Celestino Toledo Manrique; b. Mar. 28, 1946 in Cabana, Ancash, Peru; economist; president of Peru in 2001-2006; known fondly by his supporters as El Cholo (The Indian); son of impoverished Quechuan farmers; grew up shining shoes on the northern coast in the city of Chimbote; bachelor's from the University of San Francisco (1970); master's degrees in economics of human resources (1971) and economics (1972) from Stanford University; worked in international economics at the United Nations (1976-78, 1989) and the World Bank (1979-81); returned to Peru in 1981 and became the social policy adviser to Labour Minister Alfonso Grados; while earning a Ph.D. (1993) in economics of human resources at Stanford, Toledo was a visiting scholar at Harvard University's Institute for International Development; in 1998 he became director of international affairs at the Graduate School of Business Administration (Escuela de Administración de Negocios para Graduados; ESAN) in Lima; after his presidency he accepted a faculty position at ESAN teaching finance, accounting, and economics; from 2006 to 2008 he was on leave as a visiting fellow at Stanford University; founded the Lima-based think tank Global Center for Development and Democracy, which addresses issues of democracy, economic growth, and social inclusion; in 2013 Toledo became the target of investigations into the source of his family's wealth; in February 2017 his arrest was ordered after he was implicated in an influence-peddling scandal that grew out of an investigation related to Brazil's Petrobras scandal; during his tenure as president Toledo alledgedly received some $20 million in bribes from Brazilian construction giant Odebrecht in exchange for granting a billion-dollar-plus contract to build a highway between Brazil and Peru) {https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alejandro-Toledo}
  • Change Notes

    • 1990-10-18: new
    • 2017-06-28: revised
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