Library of Congress

Authorities & Vocabularies

The Library of Congress > Linked Data Service

From Library of Congress Name Authority File


us: Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan)


  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • us: Pishpek (Kyrgyzstan)
    • us: Бишкек (Kyrgyzstan)
  • Additional Information

  • Related Terms

  • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Sources

    • found: BGN, October 10, 1991 (Bishkek, ppl. 42°54ʹN 74°36ʹE; capital of Kirgizskaya S.S.R., formerly Frunze)
    • found: LC PreMARC file (hdg: Frunze; earlier name: Pishpek)
    • found: LC database, December 31, 1991 (hdg.: Frunze (Kirghiz S.S.R.))
    • found: SSSR, admin.-territ. delenie, 1977: p. 482 (Frunze, established 1878 as Pishpek, renamed Frunze in 1926)
    • found: Nat. Geogr. Soc. Russian and the newly independent nations of the former USSR [MAP] March, 1993: (Bishkek, capital of Kyrgyzstan)
    • found: LC Russian books file, May 31, 1995 (1992 hdgs.: Bishkek)
    • found: GEOnet, August 12, 1996 (Bishkek, ppl.: 42°54ʹ00ʺN, 74°36ʹ00ʺE; variant form: Frunze)
    • found: The world factbook, via WWW, August 16, 2015 (under Kyrgyzstan: capital: Bishkek; geographic coordinates: 42 52 N, 74 36 E)
    • found: Wikipedia, August 16, 2015 (Bishkek (in Kyrgyz and Russian: Бишкек), formerly Pishpek and Frunze, is the capital and the largest city in Kyrgyzstan. Bishkek is also the administrative centre of Chuy Province; Founded in 1825 as a Khokand fortress of "Pishpek" to control local caravan routes and to get tribute from Kyrgyz tribes, on 4 September 1860 the fortress was destroyed by Russian forces led by colonel Zimmermann, with approval of the Kyrgyz. In 1868 a Russian settlement was founded on the fortress's spot, adopting its original name - Pishpek, within the General Governorship of Russian Turkestan and its Semirechye Oblast. In 1925 the Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast was created in Russian Turkestan, promoting Pishpek as its capital. In 1926 the city was given the name Frunze. In 1936 the city of Frunze became the capital of the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1991, the Kyrgyz parliament changed the capital's name to Bishkek; 42°52ʹ29ʺN 74°36ʹ44ʺE)
    • found: Britannica online, August 16, 2015 (Bishkek, formerly (1862-1926) Pishpek, or Bishkek, or (1926-91) Frunze, city and capital of Kyrgyzstan. In 1825 the Uzbek khanate of Kokand established on the site the fortress of Bishkek, which in 1862 was captured by the Russians, who mistakenly called it Pishpek (though, to local nationalities, it remained Bishkek). By 1913 the population was 14,000 (mainly Russians), and though it was the administrative centre of a district, it remained essentially a sprawling, dusty village. In 1924 it was chosen as the administrative centre of the new Kyrgyz autonomous oblasty (province). When the latter became the Kirgiz (Kyrgyz) Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1926, Pishpek became its capital and was renamed Frunze after the revolutionary and Red Army leader Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze, who was born there in 1885. It developed rapidly into a modern city. In 1991 it was renamed Bishkek.)
  • Editorial Notes

    • [For pre-1926 and 1992- imprints. Old catalog heading: Frunze.]
    • [Non-Latin script reference not evaluated.]
  • Change Notes

    • 1991-12-31: new
    • 2015-08-18: revised
  • Alternate Formats