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us: Great Britain. Court of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery (London and Middlesex)



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  • Variants

    • us: London (England). Court of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery
    • us: Middlesex (England). Court of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery
    • us: Old Bailey
  • Later Established Forms

  • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Earlier Established Forms

  • Sources

    • found: Wilkinson, G.T. An authentic history of the Cato-Street Conspiracy, 1972: p. 74 (on the 8th of March [1820] the following Special Commission of Oyer and Terminer was issued by the Crown) p. 76 (March 27, 1820 was the day appointed for opening the Special Commission for the trial of the Conspirators ... met in the court at Hicks's Hall) p. 103 (trial held in Sessions House, Old Bailey, Apr. 15, 1820; defendants tried under the General Session of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery, then holden in that Court)
    • found: Hardy, T. State trials for high treason ... 1794: p. 9 (Special Commission for trying persons committed to the Tower, &c. charged with treasonable practices, was opened at the Sessions House, Clerkenwell Green)
    • found: Walker, D.M. The Oxford companion to law, 1980: p. 197 (Central Criminal Court was constituted in 1834, superseding the sessions long held at the Old Bailey under special commissions of gaol delivery for Newgate and of oyer and terminer for London and Middlesex; in practice it superseded quarter sessions for London and Southwark; now the sitting of the Crown Court for London)
    • found: The Whole proceedings on the King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the City of London, and also the Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex [N.B.: the "Commission" is a document, not a corporate body] held at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, 1799: t.p. verso (listed among members of the court are the Lord Mayor of the City of London, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex; separate juries listed for London and Middlesex)
    • found: LC manual auth. cd. (hdg.: Great Britain. Courts of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery. Commissions of oyer and terminer are issued by the sovereign to judges of assize, ordering them to inquire into treasons, felonies, and misdemeanors committed in the county specified in the commission, and to hear and determine ("oyer et terminer") the same according to law. Special commissions of oyer and terminer are issued in emergency cases. The commission of general gaol delivery empowers them to try and deliver every prisoner who shall be in the gaol when the judges arrive at the circuit town, whatever his or her crime may be. The words "oyer and terminer" are also used to denote the court which has jurisdiction to try offences within the limits to which the commission extends)
    • notfound: Great Britain. Statutes (rev. ed.), 1870- : v. 7, p. 645, etc. (4 & 5 William IV, chapter 36: "An Act for Establishing a New Court for the Trial of Offences Committed in the Metropolis and Parts Adjoining"; Central Criminal Court estab., July 25, 1834; judges of the court to try offenders under commissions of oyer and terminer and gaol delivery for London and Middlesex, and certain parts of Essex, Kent, and Surrey; general or quarter sessions of the peace in those areas, as well as other commissions of oyer and terminer and gaol delivery in Essex, Kent, and Surrey not to be affected by this act);Cornish, H. The tryal of Henry Cornish ... 1707: t.p. (at the Sessions-House in the Old-Baily, London, on a commission of oyer and terminer held there for the City of London, and County of Middlesex, October 19, 1685)
  • Editorial Notes

    • [Heading valid in descriptive cataloging only for the period 1707-1834]
  • Change Notes

    • 1993-10-28: new
    • 2013-08-20: revised
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