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Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (1918 March 3)


  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Work Begun

    • (edtf) 1918-03-03
  • Form

    • (lcgft) Treaties
  • Variants

    • Brest-Litovsk, Peace Treaty of (1918 March 3)
    • Brest-Litovsk, Treaty of (1918 March 3)
    • Brestskiĭ mir (1918 March 3)
    • Brestsʹkyĭ myr (1918 March 3)
    • Friede von Brest-Litowsk (1918 March 3)
    • Traité de Brest-Litovsk (1918 March 3)
    • Tratado de Brest-Litovsk (1918 March 3)
    • Tratado de Paz de Brest-Litovsk (1918 March 3)
  • Related Terms

  • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Earlier Established Forms

    • Brest-Litovsk, Treaty of, Mar. 3, 1918 (Russia)
    • Russian S.F.S.R. Treaties, etc. 1918 Mar. 3
    • Russian S.F.S.R. Treaties, etc. 1918 March 3
  • Sources

    • found: Matos Ochoa, S. Tratado de Paz de Brest-Litovsk, 1972:p. 6 (Tratado de Brest-Litovsk)
    • found: Mirnye peregovory v Brest-Litovske s 22/9 dekabri͡a 1917 g. po 3 marta (18 fevrali͡a) 1918 g., 1920- :v. 1, p. 1, etc. (Brest-Litovskie mirnye peregovory; a treaty between Russia and Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria)
    • found: Brit, Museum Cat.:v. 42 (Brest-Litovsk, Treaties of)
    • found: Bolʹsh. sov. ėnt͡sykl., 3rd ed.:v. 4, p. 25 (Brestskiĭ mir 1918; a treaty between Russia and Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey concluded on 3 March 1918 and annulled by the Soviet government on 13 Nov. 1918. There was also a separate treaty between Germany and the T͡Sentralʹnai͡a Rada of the Ukrianian nationalist government on 9 Feb. 1918)
    • found: LC data base, 01-06-92(hdg.: Brest-Litovsk, Treaty of, Mar. 3, 1918 (Russia); usage: Friede von Brest-Litowsk; Traité de Brest-Litovsk)
    • found: Ukr. rad. enykl.:v. 2, p. 32 (Brestsʹkyĭ myr 1918)
    • found: Encyc. Brit. Micropaedia:(Brest-Litovsk, Treaties of. Peace treaties signed at Brest-Litovsk by the Central Powers with the Ukrainian Republic on Feb. 9, 1918 and with Soviet Russia [R.S.F.S.R.] on March 3, 1918 which concluded hostilities between those countries during World War I. When negotiations stalled between the Soviet delegation, the Central Powers concluded a separate peace with the nationalist Ukrainian delegation on Feb. 9. By Feb. 23 the Germans issued an ultimatum giving the Russians five days to open and conclude talks. On March 3 the Soviet government accepted the treaty by which the R.S.F.S.R. lost the Ukraine, its Polish and Baltic territories, and Finland. This treaty was ratified on March 15 by the Congress of Soviets. Both the Ukrainian and Russian Soviet treaties were subsequently annulled by the Armistice of Nov. 11, 1918 which marked the allied defeat of Germany)
    • found: Encyc. of Ukraine:v. 1, p. 296 (Brest-Litovsk, Peace Treaty of. A peace treaty between the Ukrainian National Republic and the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria, signed on 9 Feb. 1918 over Bolshevik protests. When the Russian Bolshevik government began to negotiate an armistice on the eastern front, the government of the Ukrainian Central Rada also began negotiations, because the Austro-German and Rumanian fronts ran through Ukrainian territory. With this treaty the Central Powers recognized the independence and sovreignty of the UNR and agreed upon its general boundaries.The Central Powers then signed a separate peace treaty with the Bolshevik government on 3 March 1918 at Brest-Litovsk in which Russia agreed to recognize the concluded treaty with the UNR, to sign a peace treaty with Ukraine immediately, and to define the border between Russia and Ukraine. Because of its treaty with Germany the Allied Powers suspended relations with the UNR. The Treaty of Rapallo of 1922 between Germany and Soviet Russia canceled the German commitments made at Brest-Litovsk, while the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire annulled Austria's commitments to the UNR. Later Turkey renounced the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk by signing a treaty with the Ukrainian SSR in 1922)
    • notfound: LC data base, 01-05-95 (hdg.: Treaties of Brest-Litovsk (1918))
  • Editorial Notes

    • [There were two separate treaties of Brest-Litovsk, one signed with the Ukrainian Republic on Feb. 9, 1918, and one signed with Soviet Russia on Mar. 3, 1918.]
  • Change Notes

    • 1995-01-05: new
    • 2017-05-11: revised
  • Alternate Formats