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From Library of Congress Name Authority File


Freeman, Elizabeth, 1744?-1829


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  • Variants

    • us: Freeman, Mum Bett, 1744?-1829
    • us: Freeman, MumBet, 1744?-1829
    • us: Freeman, Betty, 1744?-1829
    • us: Freeman, Bett, 1744?-1829
    • us: Mum Bett, 1744?-1829
    • us: MumBet, 1744?-1829
    • us: Mammy Bet, 1744?-1829
    • us: Chut Babet, 1744?-1829
  • Additional Information

  • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Sources

    • found: Second daughter, 1996: CIP galley (Elizabeth Freeman, also called Mum Bett, b. 1742, married Josiah Freeman, won her freedom from slavery in Mass. in 1770s)
    • found: In black and white, c1980: v. 1, p. 338 (Elizabeth Freeman, 1732-1829; worked in Sedgewick family)
    • found: LC data base, 05-12-95 (Freeman, Elizabeth, 1744-1829)
    • found: Wilds, M. MumBet, 1999: CIP t.p. (MumBet : the life and times of Elizabeth Freeman) CIP galleys (Elizabeth "MumBet" Freeman; referred to in various historical accounts, as Betty, Bett, Mum Bett, or Mumbet; "The Chronicles of Old Canaan" mention that Bett was ca. 14 in 1746; another story, attributed to the Ashley family, says that Bett came to Ashley House in 1744; however, when Bett died in 1829, the Sedgwick family, who remained among her closest friends, guessed she died in her 85th year)
    • found: Mother of freedom, c2009: t.p. (Mum Bett) p. 110 (Elizabeth Freeman; d. Dec. 28, 1829 at about age 85 yrs.)
    • found: African American National Biography, accessed January 22, 2015, via Oxford African American Studies Center database: (Freeman, Elizabeth; Mum Bett; slave, litigant, nurse; born in 1744 in Claverack, New York, United States; sued for freedom with lawyer Theodore Sedgwick, who won the historic case, Brom and Bett v. J. Ashley Esq. (1781); exemplary for illiterate African Americans who contributed to black communities' challenges to racial inequality in the early republic; former slave become renowned abolitionist; became a sought-after nurse; died 28 December 1829 in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, United States)
    • found: Bentley's miscellany, 1853: volume 34, number 202, pages 417-424 (Slavery in New England; discusses Elizabeth Freeman, also known as Mammy Bet, which evolved into Mum-Bett, and translated into French as Chut Babet)
  • Editorial Notes

    • [Old catalog heading: Freeman, Elizabeth, 1744-1829]
  • Change Notes

    • 1995-05-12: new
    • 2018-02-01: revised
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