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From Library of Congress Name Authority File

Bullard, Eugene Jacques, 1895-1961

  • [Individual was a Chevalier of Legion of Honor (France) awardee.]
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    • found: Lloyd, Craig. Eugene Bullard, 2000.
    • found: LC database, Nov. 2, 1999 (hdg.: Bullard, Eugene Jacques, 1894-1961)
    • found: African American National Biography, accessed April 28, 2015, via Oxford African American Studies Center database: (Bullard, Eugène; Eugene James Bullard; aviator, combat pilot, boxer, entrepreneur, drummer; born 09 October 1895 in Columbus, Georgia, United States; prizefighter, traveling vaudeville troupe, Freedman's Pickaninnies, Liverpool (1912-1913), Paris, France (1913); enlisted as a machine gunner, French Foreign Legion, Western Front, World War I (1914); transferred, regular French regiments, 170th Infantry, known "swallows of death" (1915), was sent to Verdun (1916), was wounded, for which received the Croix de Guerre; received pilot's license, Aéro Club de France (1917) and advanced pilot training, was assigned to squadron 93 of the Lafayette Flying Corps, American fighters under French command; was removed from aviation because of his race and discharged (1919); became a jazz drummer and central to the management, Le Grand Duc, Parisian jazz club (1920s); proprietor, Gene Bulard's Athletic Club; owner, jazz club, L'Escadrille (1930s); volunteered, 51st Infantry, Orléans (1940), was severely wounded; after the war lived in Harlem, was active with New York's French community; returned to France seeking compensation for the loss of his Parisian businesses (1950-1951); assisted, relighting of the eternal flame, Arc de Triomphe (1954); was made a chevalier of the Legion of Honor (1959), received fifteen medals from French government, was inducted into the Georgia Aviation Hall of Fame (1989), was depicted on the noteworthy Black Americans in Flight mural, St. Louis International Airport (1990), his memorial bust was unveiled, the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum (1991), was posthumously commissioned as a second lieutenant, U.S. Air Force (1994); died 12 October 1961 in New York, New York, United States)
    • found: New Georgia Encyclopedia, via WWW, July 10, 2015: (Eugene James Bullard (1895-1961), the world's first black combat aviator, flying in French squadrons during first World War)
  • General Notes

    • [Individual was a Chevalier of Legion of Honor (France) awardee.]
  • Change Notes

    • 1999-11-02: new
    • 2016-12-29: revised
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