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From Library of Congress Name Authority File


Hart, William, 1823-1894


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    • us: Hart, William M., 1823-1894
    • us: Hart, William McDougal, 1823-1894
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  • Sources

    • found: James M. and William Hart, American landscape painters, 1983: p. 3 (William Hart, 1823-1894)
    • found: Jackson, Christine E. Dictionary of bird artists of the world, 1999: page 274 (Hart, William M., 1823-1894, Scottish/American artist, born Paisley, taken to America when young and died Mount Vernon, N.Y.; elected N[ational] A[cademy] 1858 and was a painter of landscapes with mammals; also collaborated with A.F. Tait on paintings of "Duck pond"; "Often incorrectly credited with being [John] Gould's assistant, who was William Matthew Hart") page 274 (in entry for Hart, William Matthew, born Limerick, 1830, died 1908; Irish painter and lithographer of birds, colorer of bird prints, employed by John Gould from 1851-1881 and by R.B. Sharpe after 1881 to complete the work on books Gould left unfinished)
    • found: Houfe, Simon. The dictionary of 19th century British book illustrators and caricaturists, 1996 (Hart, William Matthew, 1830-1908 [sic], landscape painter, born Paisley, 31 March 1830, and emigrated to the United States; member of the National Academy and president of the Brooklyn Academy of Design; "He made a number of illustrations for the books of John Gould" [this resource conflates William Hart, also known as William M. Hart or William McDougal Hart, born Paisley, Scotland, 1823, died Mount Vernon, N.Y., 1894, with William Matthew Hart, born Limerick, Ireland, 1830, died London, 1908; see Jackson, C.E. Dictionary of bird artists of the world, 1999, cited above])
    • found: Rohrschneider, Christine. "Hart, William (1823)," in Allgemeines K├╝nstlerlexikon Online, November 13, 2017 (v. 69, 2010) (Hart, William; forenames also as William M.; William McDougal; gender: male: occupation: painter; date/place of birth: 1823.03.31, Paisley (Lanarkshire); date/place of death: 1894.06.17, Mount Vernon (New York); buried Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn; brother of James McDougal H[art]; family emigrated to Albany, N.Y., 1831; apprenticed in carriage and decorative painting firm; turned to portrait painting and traveled in Michigan and Virginia; returned to Albany and became a landscape painter and an influential teacher; first exhibited in N[ational] A[cademy] of D[esign] 1848; in Great Britain, chiefly Scotland, 1849-1852; back in Albany, 1853; moved to New York, 1854; associate of National Academy of Design, 1854, academician, 1858; studio in New York, lived in Brooklyn; co-founder of Brooklyn Acad[emy] of Design (1865-1868 its first president) as well as (1866) the Amer[ican] Soc[iety] of Painters in Water Colors; spent last years in Mount Vernon)
    • found: Union List of Artists' Names Online, November 13, 2017 (Hart, William (American painter, 1823-1894); born Paisley (Glasgow, Scotland), died Mount Vernon (Sullivan County [sic], New York State))
    • found: Find a Grave website, November 13, 2017 (William Hart, birth: 31 Mar 1823, Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland; death: 17 Jun 1894, Mount Vernon, Westchester County, New York, USA; burial: Green-Wood Cemetery Brooklyn)
    • found: Wikipedia, November 13, 2017 (William Hart (painter); William Hart (March 31, 1823-June 17, 1894); Scottish-born American landscape and cattle painter, and Hudson River School artist; "sometimes erroneously referred to as William M. Hart or William McDougal Hart"; born in Paisley, Scotland; taken to Albany, New York in 1831 by his family; besides landscape paintings, known for his etchings; died in Mount Vernon, New York, on June 17, 1894)
  • Editorial Notes

    • [Not the same as: Hart, William Matthew, 1830-1908, no2017148901]
  • Change Notes

    • 2002-04-17: new
    • 2017-11-15: revised
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