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Merica, Petrus a, active 16th century


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  • Variants

    • Ameringius, Petrus, active 16th century
    • Ameringus, Petrus, active 16th century
    • Heyden, Ameringius, active 16th century
    • Heyden, Mericinus, active 16th century
    • Heyden, Miricenys, active 16th century
    • Heyden, Miricinus, active 16th century
    • Heyden, Miriginus, active 16th century
    • Heyden, Myricenis, active 16th century
    • Heyden, Peter van der, active 16th century
    • Heyden, Petrus a Merica, active 16th century
    • Heyden, Pieter van der, active 16th century
    • Martini, Pieter, active 16th century
    • Merecinus, Petrus, active 16th century
    • Merecynus, Petrus, active 16th century
    • Mericenus, Petrus, active 16th century
    • Mericinus, Petrus, active 16th century
    • Merige, Petrus a, active 16th century
    • Miricenis, Petrus, active 16th century
    • Miricenys, Petrus, active 16th century
    • Miricinus, Petrus, active 16th century
    • Miriginus, Petrus, active 16th century
    • Myricenis, Petrus, active 16th century
    • Myricinus, Petrus, active 16th century
    • P. A. M. E., active 16th century
    • PAME, active 16th century
    • P. M. E., active 16th century
    • PME, active 16th century
    • Petrus a Merica, active 16th century
    • Verheyden, Peter, active 16th century
    • Verheyden, Pieter, active 16th century
  • Additional Information

  • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Earlier Established Forms

    • Merica, Petrus a, 16th cent.
  • Sources

    • found: Maria Iacobi Scotorum Regis filia, Scotorumque nunc Regina [graphic], ca. 1556(PAME [monogram])
    • found: Bénézit, E. Dictionary of artists(Merica, Petrus A., or Mericenus, Merecinus, Mericinus or Myricinus; real name, Pieter van der Heyden; Flemish engraver, active in Louvain 1551-1570; much uncertainty surrounds him; some scholars have identified him with Pieter Martini, print dealer in Antwerp, or with Peter van der Heyden, member of the guild in Antwerp in 1557)
    • found: ULAN, via WWW, April 4, 2016(Heyden, Pieter van der; Flemish engraver; ca. 1530-after 1572; born Antwerp, died Berchem; name variants: Verheyden, Peter; Verheyden, Pieter; Pieter Verheyden; Petrus a Merica; Petrus a Merige; Ameringus, Petrus; Petrus Ameringius; Merecinus, Petrus; Merecynus, Petrus; Miricenis, Petrus; Petrus Mericinus; Miricenys, Petrus; Petrus Miricenys; Miricinus, Petrus; Petrus Miricinus; Petrus Miriginus; Petrus Myricenis; Heyden, Petrus A Merica; Heyden, Ameringius; Heyden, Mericinus; Heyden, Miricenys; Heyden, Miricinus; Heyden, Miriginus; Heyden, Myricenis; Heyden, Pieter Van Der; Pieter Van Der Heyden; Heyden, Pieter Verheyden; Heyden, Pieter)
    • found: Grove Art Online, via Oxford Art Online, April 4, 2016(Heyden, Pieter van der [a Merice [a Merige, Ameringus, Merecinus, Merecynus, Miricenis, Miricenys, Miricinus, Miriginus, Mirycinis, Myricenis, Myricinus, Myriginus], Petrus; Verheyden, Peter [Pieter]]; b Antwerp, ?c. 1530; d Berchem, nr Antwerp, after March 1572; "Flemish engraver. In 1557 he became a master in the Antwerp Guild of St Luke. In the early part of his career, from 1551, but mainly between 1556 and 1559, he worked with the publisher Hieronymus Cock, a collaboration that lasted until the latter's death in 1570. Hundreds of van der Heyden's reproductive prints were issued through Cock's publishing house, Aux Quatre Vents, and he also had contacts with the publisher Christoph Plantin. In 1571 van der Heyden moved to a country house at Berchem (nr Antwerp) rented by Plantin, who paid him for engravings for the last time in March 1572. It is assumed that van der Heyden died there during the Spanish Fury of 1576 ... Van der Heyden usually signed his prints with his monogram. His Latinized name 'Petrus a Merica' or 'Mirycinis,' in full or in monogram, also occurs; the name 'Verheyden' is rarely encountered. Various interpretations have been made of the Latinized form of his name. Renouvier and others claimed that 'a Merica' was a Latin translation of 'van der Heyden' ('of the heath'). Nagler, on the other hand, maintained that 'Merica' indicated the artist's birthplace, perhaps Meereyck; according to him, the Latin word for 'heath' is 'erica' not 'merica'. Wurzbach believed that 'myrica,' which can also mean 'tamarisk,' referred to the fantastic prints by van der Heyden after Bruegel and Bosch. De Pauw de Veen, who corroborated the meaning of 'myricia' in the sense of 'heath,' supported Renouvier's explanation")
    • found: Wouk, Edward H. "Heyden, Pieter van der (1530)," in Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon Online, April 4, 2016(Heyden, Pieter van der (1530); further names: Van der Heyden, Peeter; Verheyden, Pieter van der; Petrus a Merica; Ameringius; Mercinus; Miricinus; Mirginus; Myricenis; Miricenys; A Merice, Petrus; A Meriga, Petrus; Ameringus, Petrus; Merecinus, Petrus; Merecynus, Petrus; Miricenis, Petrus; Miricenys, Petrus; Miricinus, Petrus; Miriginus, Petrus; Mirycinis, Petrus; Myricenis, Petrus; Myricinus, Petrus; Myriginus, Petrus; Verheyden, Peter; Verheyden, Pieter; A Merica, Petrus; Meriginus; Heyden, Pierre van der; male; copper engraver, graphic artist; probably born approximately 1530 in Antwerp, died after March 1572, probably 1576, Berchem (Antwerp); joined the St.-Lukas Gild in 1557/58 as engraver, although he was probably active as engraver at the beginning of the decade; one of the most important and productive engravers in the mid-16th century in Antwerp; worked for the publisher Hieronymus Cock; in 1571, he was living in a house in Berchem, near Antwerp, rented by Christopher Plantin, for whom he worked as an engraver at the time; died there, probably in 1576 during the Spanish Fury (the Sack of Antwerp); the name "Verheyden" appears on one print, but most of his engravings are signed with the monogram PAME, the shortened Latinization of his name Petrus a Merica, which is found in various spellings)
    • found: Thieme-Becker, via Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon Online, April 4, 2016(Heyden (Verheyden), Pieter van der, called Petrus a Merica, Ameringius, Merecinus, Miricinus, Miriginus, Myricenis or Miricenys, copper engraver in Antwerp, born probably approximately 1530 (in Antwerp?); guild member 1557; last mentiond March 1572; usually signs with a monogram composed of the capital letters PAME, formerly interpreted as P. Mandere or P. Martini)
    • found: Hollstein, F. W. H. Dutch and Flemish etchings, engravings, and woodcuts, ca. 1450-1700:v. 9, page 26 (Pieter van der Heyden (Petrus a Merica), born ca. 1530 at Antwerp; worked ca. 1551-1572 for the editor Hieronymus Cock in Antwerp)
    • found: Dutch Wikipedia, April 4, 2016(Pieter van der Heyden, also called Pieter Verheyden, Petrus Ameringius and Petrus Mercinus (Antwerp (?), ca. 1530-Berchem (?), after March1572); Southern Netherlands graphic artist, active from 1551 in Antwerp; often signed his prints PME, the initials of his Latinized name, Petrus Mercinus; last mentioned March, 1572)
    • found: VIAF, April 4, 2016:VIAF ID: 71665389 (Petrus van Assche: Wikidata; ISNI; Van Assche, Pieter, ca. 1530-1572: National Library of the Netherlands; Heyden, Pieter van der 1530-1572: German National Library; Heyden, Pieter van der ca. 1530-ca. 1572: National Library of Spain; Merica, Petrus A. 15..-15.. graveur: National Library of France; Heyden, Pieter van der <incisore>: Central Institute for the Union Catalogue of the Italian libraries; Merecinus, Petrus, sec. XVI: Vatican Library; Heyden, Pieter van der, 1530-1575: National Library of Israel; N.B.: the two forms "Petrus van Assche" and "Van Assche, Pieter, ca. 1530-1572" are apparently erroneously included here and represent a different person; a note on the National Library of the Netherlands record reads: "geb. te Assche (nabij Brussel); franciscaner lekebroeder in het minderbroedersklooster aan de Arkelstraat (Gorinchem); werd in 1572 opgehangen door geuzenhoofdman Willem Lumey (als 1 van de 19 Martelaren van Gorcum); in 1867, heilig verklaard&#x200f;") VIAF ID: 108053860 (Merica, Petrus A., active 16th century: Library of Congress/NACO; Heyden, Pieter van der (Flemish engraver, ca. 1530-after 1572): Union List of Artist Names [Getty Research Institute]; Pieter van der Heyden Vlaams graveur: Wikidata)
  • Change Notes

    • 2010-03-10: new
    • 2016-06-15: revised
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