The Library of Congress > Linked Data Service > LC Name Authority File (LCNAF)

Khiḍr (Legendary character)


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  • Variants

    • al-Khiḍr (Legendary character)
    • Khaḍir (Legendary character)
    • al-Khaḍir (Legendary character)
    • Khizr (Legendary character)
    • Balyā ibn Malkān (Legendary character)
    • Khwadja Khidr (Legendary character)
    • خضر (Legendary character)
    • الخضر (Legendary character)
    • Khader (Legendary character)
    • Khadr (Legendary character)
    • Khyzer (Legendary character)
    • Qeezr (Legendary character)
    • Qhezr (Legendary character)
    • Qhizyer (Legendary character)
    • Qhezar (Legendary character)
    • Khizar (Legendary character)
    • Xızır (Legendary character)
    • Hızır (Legendary character)
    • Ḫaḍir (Legendary character)
    • al-Ḫaḍir (Legendary character)
    • Ḫiḍr (Legendary character)
    • al-Ḫiḍr (Legendary character)
    • Grüne (Legendary character)
    • Der Grüne (Legendary character)
    • Green Man (Islamic legendary character)
    • Green One (Legendary character)
    • K̲eżr (Legendary character)
    • Khwaja Khidr (Legendary character)
  • Additional Information

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  • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Sources

    • found: Halman, Hugh Talat. Where the two seas meet : the Qur'ānic story of al-Khiḍr and Moses in Sufi commentaries as a model of spiritual guidance, 2013:page (The name (laqab) or title of "Khiḍr," which derives from the Arabic root word for green (akhḍar), is rendered formally as al-Khaḍir and more colloquially as al-Khiḍr, Khiḍr, and Khizr. The distinctions pertain mostly to vowelling and pronunciation. Each of these forms translates as the "green," or the "green one." Although the name al-Khiḍr does not appear in the text of the Qurʼān, the identification is exegetically supplied in the ḥadīth) page 2 (Al-Khiḍr is known to Muslims from the Qurʼān, ḥadīth, and the Persian Alexander Romance (Iskandarnāma). His popular legend and lore flourish. Throughout various Muslim cultures, al-Khiḍr is renowned as a folk and literary hero, regarded as a figure like Elijah in popular Jewish lore, and ranked especially high in Sufism)
    • found: Encyclopædia Britannica online, April 27, 2017(Al-Khiḍr (Arabic: contraction of al-Khaḍir, "the Green One"), a legendary Islamic figure endowed with immortal life who became a popular saint, especially among sailors and Sufis (Muslim mystics); alternative titles: al-Khaḍir, Balyā ibn Malkān, Khwadja Khidr) - https://www.britannica.com/topic/al-Khidr
    • found: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second edition, via BrillOnline reference works website, April 27, 2017(al-K̲h̲aḍir (al-K̲h̲iḍr), the name of a popular figure, who plays a prominent part in legend and story. Al-K̲h̲aḍir is properly an epithet ("the green man"); this was in time forgotten and this explains the secondary form K̲h̲iḍr (approximately "the green"), which in many places has displaced the primary form)
    • found: Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim world, 2004:Khidr, Al- (Al-Khidr ("the green" man) is the guide and mentor of Moses described in Sura Kahf (Q. 18.60-82) as "Our exceptional servant to whom We gave compassion from Ourselves and inner knowledge from Our presence"; The association of al-Khidr with Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.E.) stems from the fact that the Khidr narrative in the Qur'an precedes that of Dhu l-Qarnayn (the man "of two horns"), who is often identified with Alexander, and from the motif in the narrative of the water of life reviving a cooked fish; al-Khidr, like Elijah, Jesus, and Idris, is considered immortal. Al-Khidr is a protector of travelers, a rescuer, and a saint. In the Levant, sacred places often have multiple dedications to Khidr, Elijah, and St. George. In India, Khwaja Khidr is depicted as resembling Vishnu's Matsya (fish) Avatar. In Sufism, al-Khidr represents the saint and the spiritual master. For Sufi Qurʼan commentators, al-Khidr represents spiritual guidance (suhba) as distinguished from instruction (ta lim))
    • found: Wikipedia, April 27, 2017(Khidr or al-Khidr (Arabic: الخضر‎‎ = al-Khiḍr; also transcribed as al Khadir, Khader/Khadr, Khidr, Khizr, Khyzer, Qeezr, Qhezr, Qhizyer, Qhezar, Khizar, Xızır, Hızır); figure described in the Quran as a righteous servant of God possessing great wisdom or mystic knowledge)
    • found: Gemeinsame Normdatei (GND), viewed online April 27, 2017(Ḫaḍir, al- ; other names: Ḫiḍr, al- ; Al-Ḫaḍir; Al-Ḫiḍr; Der Grüne; Grüne, Der; Khiḍr, al- ; Al-Khaḍir; Al-Khiḍr) - http://d-nb.info/gnd/122568176
    • found: Encyclopædia Iranica, via WWW, April 27, 2017(K̲eżr (Ar. K̲eżr, K̲ażer "green," "green herbs," "verdure"; K̲eżr nabi, K̲v̳āja Keżr), a prophet known to Islamic written tradition and folklore, from the Balkans to India. His worship, widespread all over Iran, Afghanistan, and Central Asia, is connected with local calendar beliefs and fertility cults. The origins of the K̲eżr legend are obscure. No prophet of this name is known to the Old Testament, neither is he mentioned by name in the Koran. Yet, Islamic commentators identify him with an anonymous spiritual guide to Moses (Musā) mentioned in the Koran) - http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/kezr-prophet
    • found: al-Khiḍr, The Green Man, via WWW, April 27, 2017(In Muslim tradition, al-Khiḍr is widely known as the spiritual guide of Moses and Alexander the Great, a wali (saint), a prophet, and one of four immortals along with Enoch (Idris), Jesus, and Elijah; Khiḍr literally means 'The Green One') - http://www.khidr.org/
  • Editorial Notes

    • [Non-Latin script references not evaluated.]
  • Change Notes

    • 2017-04-27: new
    • 2017-07-27: revised
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