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Johnson, Nellie Stone, 1905-2002

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    • Johnson, Nellie Stone, 1905-
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    • found: Pruitt, M.C. "Women unite!", 1987:p. 156 (Nellie Stone Johnson; b. 1905)
    • found: Brauer, David. Nellie Stone Johnson, c2000:t.p. (Nellie Stone Johnson) p. 11, etc. (b. 12-17-1905, currently lives in Minneapolis. Active in politics, NAACP, National Council for Negro Women)
    • found: St. Paul Pioneer Press, via NewsBank subscription, viewed July 17, 2017:Death notice--Classified, April 4, 2002 (Johnson, Nellie Stone (nee Allen). Born December 17, 1905 in Lakeville, MN to Will & Gladys Foree Allen. Died April 2, 2002 in Minneapolis, MN. Grew up in rural Hinckley, MN. Nellie will be remembered with respect and admiration for her work in Labor, Education, and Human Rights here in MN and the nation ...)
    • found: MNopedia, June 15, 2017(Johnson, Nellie Stone (1905-2002)) (Nellie Stone Johnson was an African American union and civil rights leader whose career spanned the class-conscious politics of the 1930s and the liberal reforms of the Minnesota DFL Party. She believed unions and education were paths to economic security for African Americans, including women. Her self-reliant personality and pragmatic politics sustained her long and active life ... Johnson was one of the first women to sit on her local's contract-negotiating committee. Gradually, things began to change in the hotel industry. Wage increases and uniform job classifications ended racial and gender pay inequities. At the Athletic Club, Johnson pushed to end in-house segregation of eating and locker room facilities. Johnson's prominence in union circles widened. She was elected vice president of her local union in 1936 and sat on the important statewide hotel and restaurant workers' council. She worked with progressive trade unionists at the Minneapolis Central Labor Union and urged hotel unions to affiliate with the Minnesota AFL. At times, she challenged more conservative AFL union officials to organize the unorganized ... Organized labor shared the goals of full employment, health insurance, and affordable housing with liberal politicians like Hubert Humphrey, whom Johnson met in about 1938. Humphrey was impressed with her labor and civil rights activism and sought her support when he ran for mayor of Minneapolis in 1943 and again in 1945. Throughout her career, Johnson remained pragmatic. When the Farmer-Labor Party's influence waned in the 1940s, she helped create a merged Democratic and FL Party and swung her allegiance to what she believed would be a multi-racial, labor-oriented DFL. Johnson remained active in labor and DFL politics as the civil rights movement gained momentum in Minneapolis and across the United States. She helped forge the city's first Fair Employment Commission, successfully ran for the Library Board, and spearheaded passage of the Minnesota's Fair Employment and Fair Housing Laws (1955 and 1957). In 1972, she campaigned for Van White, the first African American elected to the City Council.) -
    • found: Wikipedia, July, 12, 2017(Nellie Stone Johnson) (Nellie Stone Johnson (December 17, 1905 - April 2, 2002) was an American civil rights activist and union organizer. She was the first black elected official in Minneapolis and shaped Minnesota politics for 70 years ... Johnson met future Vice President Hubert Humphrey in 1941 at Duluth State College. She would later mentor him in civil rights issues. In 1944, she was on the committee that merged the moderate Minnesota Democratic Party with the more radical Farmer-Labor Party, forming the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL). In 1945, she was elected to the Library Board and became the first black person to be elected to a citywide office in Minneapolis. Johnson was the main force behind the creation of state and local Fair Employment Practices departments, which later became the Minneapolis Civil Rights Commission and the state Human Rights Department. In the 1940s she spearheaded the drive to create the Minneapolis Fair Employment Practices department, which was the first of its kind in the nation. In 1955, she led the initiative to create a statewide version of the Minneapolis legislation, the Employment Practices Act of 1955. She also authored the 1950 initiative from the Minneapolis NAACP that led to the desegregation of the US armed forces ... Johnson continued to be active in state and local politics and was Van Freeman White's campaign manager in his successful 1979 bid for a seat on the Minneapolis City Council. She traveled to Africa for the State Department with Vice President Walter Mondale in 1980 and Governor Rudy Perpich appointed her to the Minnesota State University Board in 1982. In the 1980s she was a member of the Democratic National Committee for two terms) -
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    • 1990-06-27: new
    • 2017-07-13: revised
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