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From Library of Congress Name Authority File


us: Shawcross, Hartley Shawcross, Baron, 1902-2003



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    • us: Shawcross, Baron, 1902-2003
    • us: Shawcross, Lord, 1902-2003
    • us: Shawcross, Hartley, Sir, 1902-2003
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  • Sources

    • found: Life sentence, 1995: title page (Lord Shawcross)
    • found: LC in OCLC, 2/28/96 (hdg.: Shawcross, Hartley Shawcross, Baron, 1902- ; usage: Lord Shawcross)
    • found: The functions and responsibilities of an advocate, 1958: title page (Right Honourable Baron Shawcross, of Friston in the County of Suffolk)
    • found: NY times obit. July 11, 2003 (Lord Shawcross of Friston d. July 10, 2003, Cowbeech, south of London; Hartley William Shawcross, b. Germany, Feb. 2, 1902)
    • found: Wikipedia, November 21, 2013 (Hartley Shawcross, Baron Shawcross; Hartley William Shawcross, Baron Shawcross GBE, PC, KC; known from 1945 to 1959 as Sir Hartley Shawcross, was a British barrister and politician and the lead British prosecutor at the Nuremberg War Crimes tribunal; born February 4, 1902 in Germany while his father was teaching English at Giessen University; he was educated at Dulwich College, the London School of Economics and the University of Geneva and sat for the Bar at Gray's Inn, where he won first-class honours; he served as Member of Parliament for St Helens, Lancashire from 1945 to 1958, holding the position of Attorney-General from 1945 to 1951; as Attorney-General, he prosecuted William Joyce ("Lord Haw-Haw") and John Amery for treason and also prosecuted Klaus Fuchs and Alan Nunn May for giving atomic secrets to the Soviet Union and John George Haigh, known as 'the acid bath murderer;' he was knighted in 1945 and named Chief Prosecutor for the United Kingdom at Nuremberg; from 1945 to 1949, he was Britain's principal United Nations delegate, though he was recalled in 1948 to lead the government's interest at the Lynskey tribunal; in 1951 he briefly served as President of the Board of Trade until the Labour government's defeat in the election of that year; he resigned from Parliament in 1958; he was made one of Britain's first life peers on February 14, 1959 as Baron Shawcross, of Friston in the County of Sussex, and sat in the House of Lords as a cross-bencher; in 1957, he was among a group of eminent British lawyers who founded JUSTICE, the human rights and law reform organisation and he became its first chairman, a position he held until 1972; he was also instrumental in the foundation of the University of Sussex and served as chancellor of the university from 1965 to 1985; he died at home at Cowbeech, East Sussex on July 10 2003 at the age of 101)
  • Change Notes

    • 1996-03-04: new
    • 2013-11-26: revised
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