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Ming Shizong, Emperor of China, 1507-1567


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  • Variants

    • 明世宗, Emperor of China, 1507-1567
    • Shizong, Emperor of China, 1507-1567
    • Shih-tsung, Emperor of China, 1507-1567
    • 世宗, Emperor of China, 1507-1567
    • Jiajing, Emperor of China, 1507-1567
    • Chia-ching, Emperor of China, 1507-1567
    • 嘉靖, Emperor of China, 1507-1567
    • Zhu, Houcong, 1507-1567
    • Chu, Hou-tsʻung, 1507-1567
    • 朱厚[cong], 1507-1567
  • Additional Information

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  • Earlier Established Forms

    • Ming Shih-tsung, Emperor of China, 1507-1566
    • Ming Shizong, Emperor of China, 1507-1566
  • Sources

    • found: Fisher, C.T. The chosen one, 1990:t.p. (Ming Shizong) p. viii (Shizong, the Jiajing Emperor; reigned 1521-66)
    • found: Yang, C.Y. Chung-kuo li tai ti wang lu, 1989:p. 891 ((明) 世宗 = (Ming) Shih-tsung; 嘉靖皇帝 = Chia-ching huang-ti; 朱厚[cong] = Chu Hou-tsʻung)
    • found: Dict. Ming. biog.p. 315 (Chu Hou-tsʼung; b. 9/16/1507; d. 1/23/1566; the eleventh emperor of the Ming dynasty; his reign period known as Chia-ching; temple name Shih-tsung)
    • found: Enc. Brit., 15th ed.v. 3, p. 189 (Chia-ching)
    • found: Dardess, John W. Four seasons, 2016:ECIP galley (Zhu Houcong; Ming China's Jiajing emperor; reigned 1521-1567; born September 16, 1507 in Anlu, nowadays Zhongxiang county, Hubei province, seat of the Xing princedom; died on January 23, 1567; his son, Zhu Zaihou, the Longqing emperor, succeeds him)
    • found: Wikipedia, June 8, 2016(Jiajing emperor; Chinese: 嘉靖; born September 16, 1507; died January 23, 1567; 11th emperor of the Chinese Ming dynasty who ruled from 1521 to 1567; born Zhu Houcong, he was the former Zhengde Emperor's cousin; his father, Zhu Youyuan (1476-1519), the Prince of Xing, was the fourth son of the Chenghua Emperor (r. 1465-1487) and the eldest son of three sons born to the emperor's concubine, Lady Shao; the Jiajing emperor's regnal name, Jiajing, means "admirable tranquility") - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jiajing_Emperor
    • found: Encyclopædia Britannica online, March 8, 2016(Jiajing; 11th emperor of the Ming dynasty, China; also known as Zhu Houcong, Chia-ching, Shizong, and Sudi; born 1507; died 1566 or 1567)
    • found: Fodor's Beijing, 3rd edition, 2011:page 50 (Jiajing; Ming emperor; 1507-1567)
    • found: Rawski, Evelyn Sakakida. Early modern China and northeast Asia, 2015:page 148 (Jiajing; Chinese emperor; 1507-1567; reigned from 1522-1566)
    • found: worldhistoryproject.org, June 8, 2016(The Jiajing (or Chia-ching) Emperor; 嘉靖 = Jiajing; born September 16, 1507; died January 23, 1567; emperor of China; born Zhu Houcong; his era name means "Admirable tranquility") - https://worldhistoryproject.org/1521/5/27/reign-of-jiajing-emperor-the-11th-emperor-of-the-ming-dynasty
  • Editorial Notes

    • [Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project.]
    • [Non-Latin script references not evaluated.]
  • Change Notes

    • 1990-11-02: new
    • 2016-06-09: revised
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