The Library of Congress > Linked Data Service > LC Name Authority File (LCNAF)

Zemurray, Samuel, 1877-1961

  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • Zmuri, Samuel, 1877-1961
    • Zemurray, Sam, 1877-1961
    • Z., Mr. (Samuel Zemurray), 1877-1961
    • Mr. Z. (Samuel Zemurray), 1877-1961
    • Sam, the Banana Man, 1877-1961
    • Zmurri, Schmuel, 1877-1961
  • Additional Information

    • Birth Date

    • Death Date

    • Has Affiliation

        • Affiliation Start: 1933
        • Affiliation End: 1951
        • Organization: (naf) United Fruit Company
    • Has Affiliation

        • Affiliation Start: 1911
        • Affiliation End: 1929
        • Organization: (naf) Cuyamel Fruit Company
    • Has Affiliation

        • Organization: (naf) Tulane University
    • Birth Place

        (naf) Chișinău (Moldova)
    • Death Place

        (naf) New Orleans (La.)
    • Associated Locale

        (naf) Russia
    • Associated Locale

        (naf) United States
    • Associated Locale

        (naf) New Orleans (La.)
    • Associated Locale

        (naf) Honduras
    • Associated Locale

    • Field of Activity

    • Occupation

        (lcsh) Tulane University--Benefactors
    • Additional Related Forms

    • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

    • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

    • Sources

      • found: Argueta, M.R. Bananos y política, c1989:t.p. (Samuel Zemurray) p. 9 (b. 1877 in Kishinev, Russia; original surname was Zmuri; emigrated to the U.S. in 1892; entrepreneur in the banana trade) p. 72 (in 1951 retired as President of the United Fruit Co.; d. in 1961)
      • found: Cohen, R. The fish who ate the whale, c2010:ecip text (Sam Zemurray)
      • found: The mansion at No. 2 Audubon Place, 2006:narration (Samuel Zemurray; Russian immigrant; built his reputation as a banana importer and grower in Central America, then as president of United Fruit Company; he was known in the trade as "Mr. Z" and "Sam, the Banana Man"; passed through New York immigration in late 1800s; lived in Alabama as teenager; first business buying bananas in Mobile, selling them; bought steamship company and extensive land in Honduras, developed his own banana plantation and import business; his company was called Cuyamel; in 1929, sold Cuyamel to United Fruit, became largest stockholder; later took over the United Fruit Company; lived at No. 2 Audubon Place [New Orleans] from 1917 until died in 1961; board member of and major donor to Tulane University) newspaper facsimile (Sam, the Banana Man; the Bessarabian immigrant) still image of sign (Cuyamel Fruit Company)
      • found: Encyclopedia of Latin American history and culture, 2008, viewed online 22 July 2014(Zemurray, Samuel (1877-1961); b. 18 January 1877, d. 30 November 1961; Bessarabian immigrant who arrived impoverished in the United States in 1892 and amassed a $30 million fortune in the banana industry; from 1911, when he financed a revolution in Honduras in order to gain valuable concessions for his Cuyamel Fruit Company on the Honduran north coast, until his retirement as president of United Fruit Company in 1951, he was one of the most powerful North Americans in Central America; Cuyamel began as a small company; expanded his business rapidly, especially after the 1911 Honduran revolution; in 1929, accepted United Fruit Company's offer of 300,000 shares of stock for his interest in Cuyamel; retired to an estate outside New Orleans and became involved in various philanthropic projects, among them the Middle American Institute at Tulane University; took over United, became managing director of the company in 1933; became president of the company in 1938)
      • found: Wikipedia, 7 July 2014(Sam Zemurray; nicknamed "Sam the Banana Man"; birth name was Schmuel Zmurri; born January 18, 1877, in Kishinev, Bessarabia, Russian Empire, present-day Chișinău, Moldova; died November 30, 1961, in New Orleans, Louisiana, where he had lived most of his life; U.S. businessman who made his fortune in the banana trade; he founded the Cuyamel Fruit Company; in 1930, Zemurray sold his company, Cuyamel Fruit, to the rival United Fruit Company of Boston, Massachusetts; later became head of the United Fruit Company, the world's most influential fruit company at the time; retired as president of United Fruit in late 1954; created the Zemurray Foundation in 1951)
      • found: Wikipedia, 8 July 2014:United Fruit Company (United Fruit Company; United Fruit; 1899-1970; was an American corporation that traded in tropical fruit (primarily bananas), grown on Central and South American plantations, and sold in the United States and Europe; the company was formed in 1899, from the merger of Minor C. Keith's banana-trading concerns with Andrew W. Preston's Boston Fruit Company; it flourished in the early and mid-20th century, and it came to control vast territories and transportation networks in Central America, the Caribbean coast of Colombia, Ecuador, and the West Indies; it maintained a virtual monopoly in certain regions, some of which came to be called banana republics, such as Costa Rica, Honduras, and Guatemala; in 1930, Sam Zemurray sold his Cuyamel Fruit Company to United Fruit and retired from the fruit business; in 1933, he staged a hostile takeover; Zemurray moved the company's headquarters to New Orleans, Louisiana, where he was based; Zemurray resigned as president of the company in 1951)
    • Change Notes

      • 1991-01-08: new
      • 2014-07-23: revised
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