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us: Stanley, John Mix, 1814-1872



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    • us: Stanley, J. M. (John Mix), 1814-1872
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    • found: An account of the Smithsonian Institution, 1857: p. 42 (J.M. Stanley)
    • found: N.Y. Hist. Soc's dict. of artists in Amer., 1957 (Stanley, John Mix, 1814-1872; portrait and landscape painter who specialized in scenes of Indian life in the West)
    • found: Wikipedia, Nov. 14 ,2014 (John Mix Stanley; born January 17, 1814 in Canandaigua, N. Y.; died April 10, 1872 in Detroit; artist-explorer, an American painter of landscapes, and Native American portraits and tribal life. In 1842 he traveled to the American West to paint Native American life. In 1846 he exhibited a gallery of 85 of his paintings in Cincinnati and Louisville. During the Mexican-American War, he joined Colonel Stephen Watts Kearney's expedition to California and painted accounts of the campaign, as well as aspects of the Oregon Territory. More than 200 of his paintings, maps and other work being held at the Smithsonian were lost in an 1865 fire. The irreparable loss of most of his works caused the eclipse of Stanley's reputation for some time in American art history. His appreciation and portrayal of the American West is valued, and today his few surviving works are held by national and numerous regional museums. Stanley returned to Detroit in 1864, where he set up his art studio. He essentially remained in Detroit the rest of his life, helping to found a forerunner of the Detroit Institute of Arts and its School of Arts. He also helped incorporate the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC; originally he had hoped his Indian gallery would be the basis of its collection)
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    • 1993-08-26: new
    • 2014-11-18: revised
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