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Second Viennese school (Group of composers)

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  • Variants

    • New Vienna school (Group of composers)
    • Schoenberg school (Group of composers)
    • Second Vienna school (Group of composers)
    • Vienna school (Group of 20th-century composers)
    • Viennese school, Second (Group of composers)
    • Young Viennese school (Group of composers)
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  • Sources

    • found: Work cat.: 2002476843: Jameux, D. L'├ęcole de Vienne, c2002.
    • found: New Grove, 2nd ed. WWW site, Dec. 31, 2002(Second Viennese school: A term used most often to refer collectively to Schoenberg, Berg and Webern, though sometimes understood more broadly to include Schoenberg's other Viennese students of the period before World War I (such as Wellesz, Jalowetz, Karl Horwitz and Erwin Stein) and even composers who studied later with Schoenberg in Berlin (such as Skalkottas). While Second Viennese school has proved the most enduring designation in English-language texts, a number of other terms have enjoyed currency, including Young Viennese school (possibly the earliest in provenance, employed by Wellesz as far back as 1912), Schoenberg school, New Vienna school or simply Vienna school. These alternatives (and their foreign-language equivalents) have the advantage of circumventing the precarious concept of a "First Viennese school," though the implication that Schoenberg and his circle were natural heirs to Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, as well as to later 19th-century Austro-German tradition, was one that the composers and their apologists did much to foster in their theoretical and analytical writings)
    • found: New Harvard dict. mus.(Viennese school, second: Schoenberg and his two pupils Webern and Berg, the first major exponents of twelve-tone music)
    • found: Baker's dict. mus.(Viennese school: Historical designation of at least two styles of composition centered around the capital of Austria. The term was first proposed by Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart. 1st Viennese school: The Vienna school embraces the period between 1750 and 1830, with Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven dominating the scene. Some observers perceive a continuity to Schubert and even the Strauss family in the later 19th century. The 2nd Viennese school refers to the group of composers of the 1st half of the 20th century, mainly Schoenberg, Berg, and Webern and their disciples, who wrote in the dodecaphonic manner)
    • found: LC database, Dec. 31, 2002(Second Viennese school; Second Vienna school; Zweite Wiener Schule; Neue Wiener Schule; Wiener Schule)
    • notfound: Oxf. comp. mus.
  • Change Notes

    • 2002-12-31: new
    • 2003-08-20: revised
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