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Hariharalaya (Extinct city)


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    • found: Work cat.: The Preah Ko Temple, 1996:v. 1, p. 5 (Preah Ko, the "Sacred Cow", the inner sanctum of the first in a succession of capital cities at Angkor, Hariharalaya) v. 1, p. 21 (three constructions--the baray, Preah Ko, and Bakong--were the heart of the 9th century A.D. city known as Hariharalaya; Indravarman I's son and successor, Yahovarman I, who reigned from about 889-910 A.D., moved the capital from Hariharalaya northwest to what was to become Angkor ("city"))
    • found: Wikipedia, Mar. 5, 2007:Khmer people (Jayavarman II (802-830), revived Cambodian power and built the foundation for the Angkorean empire, founding three capitals--Indrapura, Hariharalaya, and Mahendraparvata--the archeological remains of which reveal much about his times.) Khmer Empire (Jayavarman II established his new capital of Hariharalaya near the modern Cambodian town of Roluos. He thereby laid the foundation of Angkor, which was to arise some 15 km to the northwest.)
    • found: Britannica online, Mar. 5, 2007(under Jayavarman II: He established a series of capitals, first at Indrapura, on the lower Mekong River east of Kâmpóng (Kompong) Cham; then, moving northwards, at Hariharalaya, southeast of present-day Siemréab (Siem Reap); and then at Mahendraparvata, in the region just north of the Tonle Sap (Great Lake), not far from Angkor, the next seat of the Khmer Empire, which remained its capital for 600 years)
    • found: Angkor temple guide: Roluos Group, via WWW, Mar. 5, 2007(The Roluos Group is a collection of monuments representing the remains of Hariharalaya, the first major capital of the Angkorian era Khmer Empire. It has become known as the Roluos Group due to its proximity to the modern town of Roluos. The ancient capital was named for Hari-Hara, a synthesis of the Hindu gods Shiva and Vishnu. Though there was an existing settlement in the area before the rise of Angkor, Hariharalaya was established as a capital city by Jayavarman II and served as the Khmer capital for over 70 years under four successive kings. Setting the pattern for the next four centuries, the first great Khmer temples (Bakong, Preah Ko, Lolei) and baray (reservoir) were constructed at Hariharalaya. The last king at Hariharalaya, Yasovarman I, built the first major temple at Angkor, Phnom Bakheng, and moved the capital to the Bakheng area in 905 C.E.)
    • found: INM Asia guides - Cambodia - Angkor travel guide, via WWW, Mar. 5, 2007:Roluos (The modern village Roluos lies about 10 km east of Siem Reap. In the 9th century, it was the site of the capital of the first major kingdom of the Khmers and was called Hariharalaya, named after the god Harihara (a deity that combines features of Shiva with features of Vishnu) and founded by Jayavarman II. The king lived at Hariharalaya until he died in 850 AD and his successors continued to reside there until Yasovarman I established a new capital, Yasoradhapura, at the foot of Phnom Bakheng.)
    • notfound: GEOnet, Mar. 5, 2007
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    • 2007-07-12: new
    • 2007-07-13: revised
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