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Antikythera mechanism (Ancient calculator)


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    • found: Work cat.: Decoding the heavens : a 2,000-year-old computer--and the century-long search to discover its secrets, c2009: p. 1 (in Athens' National Archaeological Museum, three flat pieces that look like moldy cardboard are suspended inside glass case; beneath ancient, corroded surfaces, X-ray image shows delicate cogwheels, like inside of alarm clock; this is the Antikythera mechanism) p. 175 (Antikythera mechanism part of tradition of analogue computing) p. 265 (built around first century BC) p. 284 (Antikythera mechanism linked with Archimedes)
    • found: Gears from the Greeks : the Antikythera Mechanism, the calendar computer from ca. 80 B.C, 1974.
    • found: The ancient Greek computer from Rhodes, known as the Antikythera Mechanism, 1991.
    • found: Robot evolution, 1994: p. 7 (Antikythera Mechanism (ca. 87 BC); found 1900 by Greek sponge divers near island it was named for; complex mechanical computer; earliest example of calculating device processing information through gearing to achieve answer)
    • found: Oxford handbook of engineering and technology in the classical world, 2008: p. 744 (Antikythera Mechanism, sophisticated geared instrument recovered from shipwreck off Aegean island Antikythera; its geared wheels correlated motions of sun, moon, known planets, in epicyclic motion through zodiac, timed against Egyptian calendar; could also be used to compute eclipses)
    • found: Wikipedia, Apr. 3, 2009 (The Antikythera mechanism is an ancient mechanical calculator (also described as the first known mechanical computer) designed to calculate astronomical positions)
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    • 2009-03-31: new
    • 2009-05-05: revised
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