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    • found: Work cat.: Dere, M. İhtişamdan sefalete : yeni Türk edebiyatı'nda konak ve yalı, 2015:(about yalıs and konaks in modern Turkish literature: a yalı was a seaside residence on the Bosphorus where prominent Ottoman families often spent their summers)
    • found: Büyük lûgat ve ansiklopedi(Yalı; type of traditional Turkish palace/summer house constructed on the Bosphorus for viziers and men of state in the Ottoman Empire beginning in the late 16th century)
    • found: Encyclopaedia of Islam, New edition, 1960-2009, via BrillOnline, viewed on June 13, 2016(Yali̊, in modern Turkish, yali, literally, "bank, shore", but coming to mean in Ottoman Turkish "residence, villa on the shore", cf. Redhouse, A Turkish-English dictionary, 2192: "a water-side residence"; There are less than 40 yali̊ s now left along the Bosphorus shores; The ideal yali̊ was built with as many windows as possible from which to enjoy the view. These windows were made to standard sizes so that they could be replaced quickly after a storm. By the end of the 17th century there were many kiosks with large gardens, but it is accepted that the first true yali̊ was built in 1698 by the Grand Vizier Amūd̲j̲a-zāde Ḥüseyn Köprülü Pas̲h̲a, and it still stands, projecting dramatically over the water at Kanhca. The great salon, although in need of restoration, was never surpassed. It is almost independent of the mansion behind ... Plans of yali̊s vary, but central to the tradition is the landing on the first floor reached by a fine staircase. There are fine rooms at each corner which project over the quays or the gardens. There is concealed access to the harem wing from the central landing, but the harem, like the ḥammām, could also be set quite separately from the yali̊ itself. Surviving, or partly surviving examples of various types of yali include the remains of the Aptullah Yali at Emirgân; the Hasip Paşa Yali at Beylerbey; the Köçeoğlu Yali and the Yilanli Yali at Bebek; and the former Osterog Yali at Kandilli)
    • found: Wikipedia, June 13, 2016:Yalı (A yalı (Turkish: yalı, literally "seashore, beach" is a house or mansion constructed at immediate waterside (almost exclusively seaside, particularly on the Bosphorus strait in Istanbul) and usually built with an architectural concept that takes into account the characteristics of the coastal location. A family who owned a waterside residence would spend some time in this usually secondary residence located at the sea shore, as opposed to the "konak" (mansion, aside from the term's use to refer to buildings with administrative functions) or the "köşk" (pavilion, often serving a determined practical purpose, such as hunting, or implying a temporary nature). Thus, going to the "yalı" acquired the sense of both going to the seaside and to the house situated there. In its contemporary sense, the term "yalı" is used primarily to denote the total amount of 620 waterside residences, mostly dating from the 19th century (some of them date from the 18th century, and some from the early 20th century), sprinkled along the Bosphorus in Istanbul. As such, they constitute one of the city's landmarks.)
    • found: Saudi Aramco world, March/April 1996, viewed online June 13, 2016:pp. 34-39 (The yalis of Istanbul; the oldest surviving yalı, the home of Köprülü Amcazâde Hüseyin Pasha, who served as grand vizier under the Ottoman sultan Mustafa II in the last decade of the 17th century; in the latter half of the 17th century it became fashionable for Ottoman viziers, admirals and civil and military pashas to build prestigious summer homes along the Bosporus, the strait that separates Europe and Asia. These homes were called yalıs, a word deriving from the Greek yialos, or seashore; Istanbul's remaining yalıs are glimpses into Ottoman high culture across more than two centuries; Architecturally, yalıs were bellwethers of style. From the earliest, entirely Ottoman yalı, they gradually adopted features that reflected Istanbul's rising fascination with European designs. From the 1730's to the early 1800's, a style now called "Turkish baroque" brought elaborate decorative schemes to the Bosporus and encouraged the replacement of traditional built-in cupboards and divans with European-style, free-standing furniture. In the latter half of the 19th century, this gave way to a neo-Western classicism, the "empire" style--a term the Ottomans borrowed from the French--that produced several of the largest yalıs. Toward the close of the 19th century, this was overshadowed by an eclectic "cosmopolitan" style wherein several yalıs became ensembles of European towers and Ottoman onion domes, each ornamented with Islamic motifs. Finally, during the decade prior to World War I, a Turkish expression of art nouveau influenced some of the last of the Ottoman yalıs to be built) -
    • found: The concise Oxford Turkish dictionary, 1959(yalı: shore; beach; waterside residence)
    • found: AAT, Aug. 1, 2016(yalis (summer houses (seasonal dwellings); note: Turkish summer mansions, especially when located at waterside)
    • notfound: Web. 3;Random House Webster's unabridge dictionary, c1997
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    • 2016-09-10: revised
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