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    • Gandang
    • Gendang
    • Kendhang
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    • found: Work cat.: Saepudin, A. Garap tepak kendang jaipongan dalam karawitan Sunda, 2013(Title translates roughly as The composition of kendang music for the jaipongan [a Sundanese traditional dance] in Sundanese gamelan)
    • found: Suparli, L. Diksi karawitan Sunda, 2009:p. 82 (Kendang is a percussion instrument that serves as a regulator of the rhythm of songs and also gives accentuation of motion when accompanying dance)
    • found: Wikipedia, viewed July 15, 2016:Kendang (Kendhang (Javanese: Kendhang, Malay: Gendang, Tausug/Bajau Maranao: Gandang) is a two-headed drum used by peoples from Maritime Southeast Asia. Kendang is one of the primary instruments used in the Gamelan ensembles of Java, Bali and Terengganu, the Malay Kendang ensemble as well as various Kulintang ensembles in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, and the Philippines. It is constructed in a variety of ways by different ethnic groups.)
    • found: Rhythmatism folk drums & percussion styles website, July 15, 2016:Indonesian drums (Indonesian Kendang (Gendang). Gamelan gong music of Bali and Java is familiar to many listeners. The kendang is the drum which accompanies the gong orchestra. Different versions of the kundang are found in each Indonesian island. This drum is barrel shaped with the right hand skin slightly larger than the left. Each skin can create two fundamental tones with the right being a deep bass that is sometimes hit with a mallet during climactic scenes in the drama they accompany. The left skin has a high pitched slap that is characteristic of this drum. The two fundamental tones of each skin can be changed by covering the opposing skin at the time of striking. Therefore the kendang has a variety of sounds that rivals the Indian tabla.)
    • found: Javanese gamelan website, via NIU SEAsite website, July 15, 2016:Instruments & sounds > Drums > Kendang (Kendangs are smaller then a Bedug. There are usually three to four Kendangs in a gamelan. These drums are in different sizes, however, they are all of similar barrel shape. Both heads of each drum are covered with a skin, usually from goat or buffalo. Each drum has two different sizes of head, one is bigger then the other. The larger head, which produces the lower sounds, is usually placed to the player's right. Kendangs are cradled in small wooden stands. Sometimes, the smallest drum, Kendang Ketipung is held in the lap of the drum player. The player uses his hands to play the drums. Usually the drums has a relatively easy part with a few strokes and uncomplicated rhythm. The names of these drums from the largest to the smallest are: Kendang Gending, Kendang Wayangan, Kendang Ciblon, and Kendang Ketipung)
    • found: Grove music online, July 15, 2016(Kendang [kendhang]. A generic term for any double-headed laced drum, cylindrical or conical, of the islands of Java, Bali and, to a lesser extent, Lombok. All ordinary gamelan include one or more kendang played by the orchestral leader, who gives cues to the other musicians regarding formal structure, speed, number of repetitions, beginnings and endings, etc.; In Central Java the kendhang has a double-conical, or 'bellied' body, to which the heads are laced with leather. It is played by hand. In the Central Javanese gamelan there are three sizes; In Sundanese areas of West Java the heads of the kendang are laced with cord of buffalo hide and tautened by sliding rings. In ensembles a pair of kendang are often used; The kendang of Balinese orchestras is made of jackfruit wood and its heads of water-buffalo skin or cowhide. Its outside is cylindrical, tapering slightly at one end, and inside it is shaped like an hourglass)
    • found: Merriam-Webster dictionary online, July 15, 2016(kendang plural kendang also kendangs : any of various double-headed drums of Indonesia and Malaysia <The kendang is always the leading instrument in gamelan orchestras, regulating tempos and cueing transitions. -- Jan Laurens Hartong, Musical Terms Worldwide, 2006>)
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    • 2016-07-15: new
    • 2016-10-18: revised
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