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Kerma (Extinct city)


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    • found: Work cat: Bonnet, Charles, 1933- The black kingdom of the Nile, 2019:ECIP galley (focuses on the archaeological research conducted at the site of Kerma in the Sudan; The first settlement was founded at Kerma between 2500 and 2400 B.C) ECIP publisher's summary (gathers the results of these excavations to reveal the distinctively indigenous culture of the black Nubian city of Kerma, the capital of the Kingdom of Kush)
    • found: Wikipedia, viewed October 5, 2018(Kerma, also known as Dukki Gel, was the capital city of the Kerma Culture, which was located in present-day Sudan at least 5500 years ago.Kerma is one of the largest archaeological sites in ancient Nubia. It has produced decades of extensive excavations and research, including thousands of graves and tombs and the residential quarters of the main city surrounding the Western/Lower Deffufa.)
    • found: Smithsonian National Museum of African Art WWW site, Jan. 10, 2019:(Ancient Nubian city of Kerma, 2500-1500 B.C.; Kerma, the oldest city in Africa outside Egypt that has been excavated; located in present-day Sudan; the capital of the kingdom known to the ancient Egyptians as Kush)
    • found: The Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago, WWW site, Jan. 10, 2019:Kerma Culture (Kerma, a partly fortified settlement near the 3rd cataract; the city of Kerma; was dominated by a tall mudbrick temple, a palace, and a royal audience hall; to the east of the city were funerary temples and chapels amidst an extensive cemetery)
    • found: World history encyclopedia, 2011, via Credo Reference, Jan. 10, 2019:Nubian cities--Areika and Kerma (Kerma was probably a major center (if not the capital) of the Kingdom of Kush. More than 61.8 acres (25 hectares) in size, Kerma is most noteworthy for its cemetery with large tumulus tombs and hundreds of sacrificial victims. The city was defended by a wall about 11 yards (10 meters) tall that surrounded the central section of the city. Within the central section, the 200 or so households were laid out irregularly but followed a series of paths that linked the interior of the city to the four main entrances. The houses varied considerably in size and layout, but all were constructed of mud brick. In the center of the town was a large mud-brick temple that on quick inspection appears similar to Egyptian-style temples but on closer examination deviates substantially from Egyptian architectural practices. Associated with the temple was a palace, an audience hall, and various smaller structures.)
    • notfound: Dictionnaire de la prĂ©histoire, 1988;Encyclopedia of archaeology, viewed online October 5, 2018
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    • 2018-10-05: new
    • 2019-02-21: revised
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